Harry B. Wehle. The Metropolitan Museum of Art: A Catalogue of Italian, Spanish, and Byzantine Paintings. New York, 1940, p. 145, ill., as by a follower of Francia.
Edoardo Arslan. Letter. April 21, 1952, attributes it to a Romagnole follower of Francia, close to the Zaganellis.
Burton B. Fredericksen and Federico Zeri. Census of Pre-Nineteenth-Century Italian Paintings in North American Public Collections. Cambridge, Mass., 1972, pp. 75, 322, 607, as a work of Francia's "school, shop, or studio".
Federico Zeri with the assistance of Elizabeth E. Gardner. Italian Paintings: A Catalogue of the Collection of The Metropolitan Museum of Art, North Italian School. New York, 1986, p. 23, pl. 26, date it about 1515, suggesting that it may be by a Romagnole artist working in Francia's shop.
Simonetta Stagni. "Alcuni ampliamenti per Ercole Banci." Paragone 41 (January–March 1990), p. 94, pl. 61, identifies the picture as almost certainly by the Bolognese painter Ercole Banci, and an early work, much influenced by Ferrarese practice.