Graham Reynolds with the assistance of Katharine Baetjer. European Miniatures in The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Exh. cat., The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 1996, p. 197, no. 282, colorpl. 282 (overall and disassembled) and ill. p. 197, attribute it to "an artist somewhat influenced by the gray sfumato manner of Richard Cosway," and date it about 1780.