Gustave Courbet. Letter to Jules Castagnary. [September] 29,  [English transl. published in Petra ten-Doesschate Chu, "Letters of Gustave Courbet," Chicago, 1992, no. 69-9, p. 354], notes that he painted twenty seascapes in Étretat [including this picture; see Ref. Tinterow and Loyrette 1994].
H. O. Havemeyer Collection: Catalogue of Paintings, Prints, Sculpture and Objects of Art. n.p., 1931, p. 89, call it "Landscape—Marine".
Lionello Venturi. Modern Painters. Vol. 1, New York, 1947, pp. 219–20, fig. 155.
Louisine W. Havemeyer. Sixteen to Sixty: Memoirs of a Collector. New York, 1961, p. 186.
Charles Sterling and Margaretta M. Salinger. French Paintings: A Catalogue of the Collection of The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Vol. 2, XIX Century. New York, 1966, p. 131, ill., state that it must have been painted when Courbet was in Étretat in the summer of 1869.
Robert Fernier. La vie et l'oeuvre de Gustave Courbet. Vol. 2, Peintures, 1866–1877. Lausanne, 1978, p. 92, no. 712, ill. p. 93, lists it as formerly in the James Stillman collection, Paris.
Anne Wagner. "Courbet's Landscapes and their Market." Art History 4 (December 1981), p. 423, fig. 45, notes that it is "one of the long series of paintings which utilize variations of the same simple motif".
Pierre Courthion. L'opera completa di Courbet. Milan, 1985, p. 112, no. 684, ill., and colorpl. XL.
Denys Sutton in Treasures from The Metropolitan Museum of Art: French Art from the Middle Ages to the Twentieth Century. Exh. cat., Yokohama Museum of Art. [Tokyo?], 1989, p. 21.
Susan Alyson Stein in Treasures from The Metropolitan Museum of Art: French Art from the Middle Ages to the Twentieth Century. Exh. cat., Yokohama Museum of Art. [Tokyo], 1989, pp. 137–38, no. 83, ill. (color), relates it to the seascapes of Whistler, who Courbet met in Trouville in 1865.
Louisine W. Havemeyer. Sixteen to Sixty: Memoirs of a Collector. Ed. Susan Alyson Stein. 3rd ed. [1st ed. 1930, repr. 1961]. New York, 1993, pp. 186, 328 nn. 255, 258.
Susan Alyson Stein in Splendid Legacy: The Havemeyer Collection. Exh. cat., The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 1993, pp. 258, 286.
Gretchen Wold in Splendid Legacy: The Havemeyer Collection. Exh. cat., The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 1993, p. 318, no. A151, ill. p. 316.
Gary Tinterow and Henri Loyrette. Origins of Impressionism. Exh. cat., The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 1994, pp. 240, 297, 323, 364, no. 47, ill. p. 364 and fig. 294 (color), mention it as an example of "meteorological specificity that is close in spirit to Gustave Le Gray's marine photographs"; note that Courbet was in Étretat from August 10 until the third week of September 1869 where he painted twenty seascapes, including this picture [see Ref. Courbet 1869]; state that this picture was among those Courbet intended for sale by Durand-Ruel and Haro.
Mary Morton in Mary Morton and Charlotte Eyerman. Courbet and the Modern Landscape. Exh. cat., J. Paul Getty Museum. Los Angeles, 2006, p. 121.
Charlotte Eyerman in Mary Morton and Charlotte Eyerman. Courbet and the Modern Landscape. Exh. cat., J. Paul Getty Museum. Los Angeles, 2006, pp. 104, 136, no. 37, colorpl. 37.
Caroline Mathieu in Turner e gli impressionisti: La grande storia del paesaggio moderno in Europa. Ed. Marco Goldin. Exh. cat., Museo di Santa Giulia, Brescia. Treviso, 2006, p. 304, ill.
Kathryn Calley Galitz in The Masterpieces of French Painting from The Metropolitan Museum of Art: 1800–1920. Exh. cat., Museum of Fine Arts, Houston. New York, 2007, pp. 52–53, 202–3, no. 32, ill. (color and black and white).
Kathryn Calley Galitz in Masterpieces of European Painting, 1800–1920, in The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 2007, pp. 60–61, 236, no. 57, ill. (color and black and white).
Thomas Galifot in Gustave Courbet. Exh. cat., The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 2008, p. 275, no. 121, ill. p. 278 (color) [French ed., Paris, 2007], compares it to "The Sea" (1872; Musée des Beaux-Arts, Caen; F817), noting that the latter "could be considered a more modest-size variant" of ours.
Carole McNamara. The Lens of Impressionism: Photography and Painting along the Normandy Coast, 1850–1874. Exh. cat., University of Michigan Museum of Art. Ann Arbor, 2009, pp. 26, 194, ill. pp. 2–3 (color detail), 185 (color), discusses the affinity between this painting and Gustave Le Gray's photograph, "Seascape, Cloud Study" (1856–57; Musée d'Orsay, Paris).
Klaus Herding in Courbet: A Dream of Modern Art. Ed. Klaus Herding and Max Hollein. Exh. cat., Schirn Kunsthalle Frankfurt. Ostfildern, 2010, p. 256, under no. 83.