Gustave Courbet. Letter to Francis Wey. [January 1, 1852] [English transl. published in P. D. Chu., ed., "Letters of Gustave Courbet," Chicago, 1992, p. 105], states that he would have liked to finish this picture for the Salon of 1852.
Zacharie Astruc. Les 14 Stations du Salon. Paris, 1859, pp. 389–90, describes seeing a portrait of a woman in black in Courbet's studio [probably this picture].
Champfleury. Grandes figures d'hier et d'aujourd'hui: Balzac, Gérard de Nerval, Wagner, Courbet. Paris, 1861, p. 249, describes a portrait of a woman in Courbet's studio that remains unfinished after four years [probably this picture; see Refs. Toussaint 1978, Galitz 2008].
Gustave Courbet. Letter to Auguste Cuoq. January 1, 1862 [departmental archive file], requests additional sittings to complete this portrait.
Paul Eudel. L'Hotel Drouot et la curiosité en 1882. 2nd ed.?. Paris, 1885, p. 420, lists its 1882 sale to Hecht for Fr 1,210.
Alexandre Estignard. Courbet: sa vie, ses oeuvres. Besançon, 1896, p. 182, lists it as "Portrait de Madame Ciocq, n.d.," and states that it was sold in Brussels in 1891.
Georges Riat. Gustave Courbet peintre. Paris, 1906, pp. 170–71, 341, lists it among works sent to the Cercle de Vienne exhibition in 1873; gives the correct spelling of the sitter's name as Cuoq.
Louis Vauxcelles. "Portraits de femmes à bagatelle." Les Arts 6 (June 1907), p. 12.
G. B. "Une exposition de portraits de femmes à Bagatelle." L'illustration (June 1, 1907), pp. 365, 368, ill., dates it 1857.
Julius Meier-Graefe. Corot und Courbet. 2nd ed. Munich, 1912, ill. between pp. 144 and 145, dates it 1854–55.
Léonce Bénédite. Courbet. Paris, , pp. 73–74, pl. XXIX, calls it "Mme Marie Crocq," dates it 1857, and states that it recently left the Durand-Ruel Gallery for Brussels.
André Fontainas. Courbet. Paris, 1921, pp. 71, 77, cites this painting as an example of Courbet's ability to portray luxury and elegance.
Julius Meier-Graefe. Courbet. Munich, 1921, pl. 26, dates it 1854–55.
Charles Léger. Courbet. Paris, 1925, p. 66.
Charles Léger. Courbet. Paris, 1929, pp. 69, 216.
Harry B. Wehle. "The Exhibition of the H. O. Havemeyer Collection." Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 25 (March 1930), p. 55.
H. O. Havemeyer Collection: Catalogue of Paintings, Prints, Sculpture and Objects of Art. n.p., 1931, pp. 94–95, no. 25, calls it "Portrait of Mme Marie Crocq"; notes erroneously that it was exhibited in the Salon of 1857.
Charles Léger. Courbet et son temps (Lettres et documents inédits). Paris, 1948, pp. 62, 196.
Gerstle Mack. Gustave Courbet. New York, 1951, p. 142, dates it 1856 and calls it "Woman with the Glove".
Louisine W. Havemeyer. Sixteen to Sixty: Memoirs of a Collector. New York, 1961, pp. 200–201, calls it "La Femme au Gant, a portrait of Mme Crocq" and describes buying this picture at the Galerie Petit auction.
Charles Sterling and Margaretta M. Salinger. "XIX Century." French Paintings: A Catalogue of the Collection of The Metropolitan Museum of Art. 2, New York, 1966, pp. 115–16, ill., as "Madame Marie Crocq"; state that the artist added a strip of canvas to the bottom of the picture, on which he signed his name.
Olivier Sevaistre. Letter. August 1967, gives the correct name of the sitter, his great-grandmother, as Mathilde Cuoq, wife of Auguste Cuoq; relates that his great-grandfather did not accept the portrait from Courbet, even though he had paid for it.
Olivier Sevaistre. Letter. September 27, 1967, gives the sitter's maiden name as Desportes; notes that she was born in Paris on March 31, 1827, married August Cuoq in 1848, and died in Paris in 1910; states that his father positively identified this painting in Exh. Paris 1907.
Hélène Toussaint in Gustave Courbet (1819–1877). Exh. cat., Villa Medici. Rome, 1969, p. 69, dates it 1857 and relates it to Courbet's full-length portrait of a man (F38; Museo Jenisch, Vevey), and to "Woman in a Riding Habit" (MMA 29.100.59).
Georges Boudaille. Gustave Courbet: Painter in Protest. Greenwich, Conn., 1969, p. 75, states incorrectly that Courbet submitted this work to the 1856 Salon.
Robert Fernier. "Peintures, 1819–1865." La vie et l'oeuvre de Gustave Courbet. 1, Lausanne, 1977, pp. 138–39, no. 223, ill., dates it 1857 and states that it was sold by the Galerie Petit in 1909 to Durand-Ruel for Fr 50,000.
Hélène Toussaint in Gustave Courbet, 1819–1877. Exh. cat., Grand Palais, Paris. London, 1978, pp. 132–33, no. 52, ill. [French ed., 1977, pp. 147–48, no. 55, ill.], tentatively associates this picture with Ref. Champfleury 1861 and with an excerpt from Francis Wey's unpublished memoirs recounting a visit to Courbet's studio by an unknown couple who commissioned the wife's portrait, which is worked on by Courbet for two years in four different versions.
Michael Wentworth. James Tissot. Oxford, 1984, pp. xiv, 47, pl. 27, dates it 1859; considers this painting a possible source for Tissot's "Portrait de Mlle L. L)" (1864; Musée d'Orsay, Paris).
Pierre Courthion. L'opera completa di Courbet. Milan, 1985, pp. 84–85, no. 216, ill.
Frances Weitzenhoffer. The Havemeyers: Impressionism Comes to America. New York, 1986, pp. 190–91, 258, pl. 142.
Louisine W. Havemeyer. Sixteen to Sixty: Memoirs of a Collector. 3rd ed. [1st ed. 1930, repr. 1961]. New York, 1993, pp. 200–202, 331 n. 286.
Susan Alyson Stein in Splendid Legacy: The Havemeyer Collection. Exh. cat., The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 1993, p. 250, 284–85, pl. 246, dates it 1857.
Gary Tinterow in Splendid Legacy: The Havemeyer Collection. Exh. cat., The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 1993, p. 24, calls it "an extraordinary period piece".
Gretchen Wold in Splendid Legacy: The Havemeyer Collection. Exh. cat., The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 1993, pp. 313–14, no. A133, ill., dates it 1857.
Valérie Bajou. Courbet. Paris, 2003, pp. 312–14, ill. (color).
Kathryn Calley Galitz in Gustave Courbet. Exh. cat., The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. New York, 2008, pp. 310–11, no. 143, ill. (color) [French ed., Paris, 2007], dates it about 1852–57, but notes the possibility that it was completed in 1862 since Courbet requested additional sittings in that year [see Ref. Courbet 1862]; adds that the sitter's hair and headdress appear later than the style of her dress.