This painting and its pendant, "Departure of the Amazons" (1976.100.6), form a set with two pictures in the museum at La Fère. These four works are variants of another set of four pictures by Deruet at Strasbourg, with the compositions in our battle scenes and those at La Fère including more figure groups. Germain Viatte compares the La Fère paintings with a Diana by Deruet at Versailles that can be dated 1627 [see G. Viatte, "Quatre tableaux de Claude Deruet," La Revue du Louvre, nos. 4/5, 1964, pp. 221–26].
The inventory of Deruet's belongings after his death included a number of paintings with Amazon subjects [see Albert Jacquot, Notes sur Claude Deruet, Paris, 1894].