Edward Grosvenor Paine. Inventory of the miniatures in the Fredrick collection. 1960, p. 17, no. 127, attributes it to the school of Rubens, about 1630.
Graham Reynolds with the assistance of Katharine Baetjer. European Miniatures in The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Exh. cat., The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 1996, p. 183, no. 242, ill., date it about 1625 and note that Wilhelm R. Valentiner attributes it to a Flemish painter of about 1620.