Graham Reynolds with the assistance of Katharine Baetjer. European Miniatures in The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Exh. cat., The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 1996, p. 183, no. 243, ill., date it about 1650 and state that "the standard of execution . . . is hardly more than that of an amateur"; note that the inscription on the reverse indicates that this work was in a French collection.