Manuel B. Cossío. El Greco. Madrid, 1908, vol. 1, p. 569, no. 104, claims the painting had earlier been converted into a Saint John the Evangelist; as in the collection of Rafael García.
Místicos de "El Greco". Madrid, [1910?], p. 56, ill., as in the collection of G[uillermo]. Vogel, Madrid.
August L. Mayer. Dominico Theotocopuli, El Greco. Munich, 1926, pp. 23, no. 175, 30, ill., as probably part of a series with 181a, Saint James Major as a Pilgrim [now Museo de Santa Cruz, Toledo]; 190a, Saint John the Baptist, attributed to Jorge Manuel [formerly García collection, Madrid]; 194a, Saint John the Evangelist [now Museo Cerralbo, Madrid]; and 216, Saint Thomas [called Saint Judas Thaddeus by Wethey, now Clowes Foundation, Indianapolis]; believes this series may not be entirely by El Greco's hand; dates our picture 1592–97; erroneously places it in the Zuloaga collection, Zumaya.
Frank Rutter. El Greco (1541–1614). New York, , p. 99, no. 87, pl. 68, attributes it to El Greco; dates it about 1596; as in the collection of W[ilhelm]. Vogel, Munich.
M. Legendre and A. Hartmann. Domenikos Theotokopoulos, called El Greco. Paris, 1937, pp. 311, 502, ill., dates it 1592–97; erroneously cited as in the collection of Ignacio Zuloaga, Zumaya.
Enrique Lafuente. "El Greco: Some Recent Discoveries." Burlington Magazine 87 (December 1945), p. 294, cites our painting and the version from the collection of Diego Cánovas, Madrid as variants of the "Saint Andrew and Saint Francis" [Prado, Madrid]; notes that at least one of these variants is certainly not by El Greco.
José Camón Aznar. Dominico Greco. Madrid, 1950, vol. 1, p. 596, ill.; vol. 2, p. 1376, no. 400, erroneously labeled as in the Zuloaga collection, Zumaya; believes this may be the painting listed in Jorge Manuel's 1621 inventory as a Saint Andrew "de bara y terzia de alto y dos terzias de ancho" [about 44 x 22 in.].
A Collector's Taste: Selections from the Collection of Mr. and Mrs. Stephen C. Clark. Exh. cat., M. Knoedler & Co. New York, 1954, p. 218, no. 1, pl. 1, erroneously described as taken to Berlin soon after 1926 by [the dealer] Lindpaintner, where it was acquired by Guillermo Vogel; cite most recent owner as Frau Margit Leimer von Opel, Munich.
Halldor Soehner. "Greco in Spanien." Münchner Jahrbuch der bildenden Kunst, 3rd ser., 8 (1957), pp. 165, 167, ill., dates it 1599–1600; calls it a possible replica of the original.
Karl Ipser. El Greco, der Maler des christlichen Weltbildes. Braunschweig, 1960, p. 361.
Stephen C. Clark Art Collection and House. New York, 1961, unpaginated, no. 17, ill. (color).
Harold E. Wethey. El Greco and His School. Princeton, 1962, vol. 1, p. 45, fig. 112; vol. 2, pp. 109–10, no. 196, p. 214, attributes it to El Greco but observes that it has been "liberally retouched by a modern restorer"; dates it 1590–95 and finds the drapery characteristic of El Greco at this time; identifies the prototype for all his full-length images of Saint Andrew as "Saint Andrew and Saint Francis" (Prado, Madrid); erroneously mentions it as in the von Nemes collection in 1928.
Manuel B. Cossío. El Greco. definitive ed. Barcelona, 1972, p. 373, no. 160.
Katharine Baetjer. "El Greco." Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 39 (Summer 1981), p. 37, ill. (color), calls it a "reduced replica" of the apostle as he appears in the Prado picture.
Jonathan Brown. Letter. December 12, 1983, calls it a "typical product of [El Greco's] workshop".
George R. Allen. El Greco: Two Studies. Philadelphia, 1984, p. 21, pl. 6A, calls it a "a studio piece but nevertheless typical of El Greco's work".
István Barkóczi. "Marczell von Nemes as Collector of El Greco Paintings." El Greco of Crete: Proceedings of the International Symposium Held on the Occasion of the 450th Anniversary of the Artist's Birth. Iráklion, Crete, 1995, pp. 564, 565, ill., dates it 1590–95.
Katharine Baetjer. "Pollock Interprets the Old Masters: Sketchbooks I and II." The Jackson Pollock Sketchbooks in The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Exh. cat., The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 1997 [vol. 4], pp. 50–51, 58, ill., illustrates a drawing (II:10r) by Pollock based on this painting.
Leticia Ruiz Gómez. El Greco y la pintura española del Renacimiento. [Madrid], 2001, p. 96, comments on the similarity between the figure of Saint Andrew in our painting and the same figure in El Greco's "Saint Andrew and Saint Francis" (Prado, Madrid).
Sarah Lees in The Clark Brothers Collect: Impressionist and Early Modern Paintings. Exh. cat., Sterling and Francine Clark Art Institute. Williamstown, Mass., 2006, pp. 315, 328, no. 147, fig. 285.
Gilbert T. Vincent and Sarah Lees in The Clark Brothers Collect: Impressionist and Early Modern Paintings. Exh. cat., Sterling and Francine Clark Art Institute. Williamstown, Mass., 2006, p. 186.