Mojmír S. Frinta. "The Quest for a Restorer's Shop of Beguiling Invention: Restorations and Forgeries in Italian Panel Painting." Art Bulletin 58 (March 1978), pp. 16, 19, 23, figs. 15, 54 (detail), notes that the punches used in the painting come from the studio of Icilio Federico Joni [or Ioni; 1866–1946], and that the work may have been painted by Scapecchi, from whom it was purchased and who worked with Joni, or by Joni himself.
Mojmír S. Frinta. "Part I: Catalogue Raisonné of All Punch Shapes." Punched Decoration on Late Medieval Panel and Miniature Painting. Prague, 1998, pp. 96, 171, 218, ill. pp. 96, 218 (details of punch marks), classifies the punch marks appearing in this painting, identifying them as modern imitations; tentatively attributes the picture to Federico Joni or Scapecchi.