Tableaux anciens et modernes . . . laissés par C. J. Nieuwenhuys. Galerie Saint–Luc, Brussels. May 4, 1883, p. 20, no. 13, ill., as by Gerard van der Meire, previously in the collection of Colonel Hugh Baillie, acquired in Spain during the invasion of Napoleon's army.
Hans Tietze. "Exhibition of Flemish Art at Vienna." Formes 4 (April 1930), finds Pächt's attribution of this picture to Jan Provost (see exh. cat., Vienna, 1930) "rather daring...since our knowledge of Jan Provost is derived almost entirely from the works of his maturity".
Drei Jahrhunderte vlämische Kunst: 1400–1700. Exh. cat., Secession. Vienna, 1930, p. 24, no. 22, attribute it to Provost, noting that Otto Pächt considers this panel one of the artist's early works.
Ludwig von Baldass. "Drei Jahrhunderte flämische Malerei." Pantheon 5 (January–June 1930), p. 132, supports Pächt's identification of this panel as an early work of Jan Provost, comments on the striking iconography, and sees a distinct connection with the art of Hugo van der Goes.
Max J. Friedländer. "Joos van Cleve, Jan Provost, Joachim Patenier." Die altniederländische Malerei. 9, Berlin, 1931, pp. 83–84, 148, no. 148, dates it between 1490 and 1500, based on the horseman's dress, and considers it possibly one of Provost's earliest works; calls its style "heavy and sluggish," but comments on the "unconventional aspects" of the composition.
M. J. Friedländer in Allgemeines Lexikon der bildenden Künstler. 27, Leipzig, 1933, p. 429.
Guy C. Bauman in The Jack and Belle Linsky Collection in The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 1984, pp. 65–67, no. 21, ill. (color), dates it about 1495; observes that it fits logically into Provost's stylistic development and offers, in embryonic form, numerous formal qualities and physical types analogous to those in later works.
Guy Bauman in The Metropolitan Museum of Art: Notable Acquisitions, 1983–1984. New York, 1984, pp. 52–53, ill.
Véronique Sintobin in From Van Eyck to Bruegel: Early Netherlandish Painting in The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Exh. cat., The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 1998, pp. 136–37, no. 19, ill. (color)
, catalogues it as "Attributed to Jan Provost," about 1495, adding that it is one of the earliest known works attributable to the artist.