Georges H. de Loo Palais du Gouvernement, Bruges. Exposition de tableaux flamands des XIVe, XVe et XVIe siècles: catalogue critique précédé d'une introduction sur l'identité de certains maîtres anonymes. Ghent, 1902, p. 20, no. 88, as a portrait of Philip the Bold by an unknown artist.
Henri Hymans. "L'exposition des primitifs flamands à Bruges (1er article)." Gazette des beaux-arts, 3rd ser., 28 (August 1902), p. 94, describes its condition as mediocre and suggests an attribution to the Master of Flémalle.
W. H. James Weale. Exposition des primitifs flamands et d'art ancien, Bruges. Première section: tableaux. Catalogue. Exh. cat., Palais du Gouvernement. Bruges, 1902, pp. 37–38, no. 88, describes this picture in detail and calls it a portrait of Philip the Bold by Petrus Christus, noting, however, that all attributions given in the catalogue are those provided by owners; states that it was formerly in the Vermeire collection and was exhibited in Bruges in 1867, no. 8.
Max J. Friedländer. "Die Brügger Leihausstellung von 1902." Repertorium für Kunstwissenschaft 26 (1903), p. 151, as a good, somewhat Eyckian, copy in poor condition.
A Catalogue of Paintings in the Collection of Jules S. Bache. New York, 1929, unpaginated, ill., as "A Man with a Turban" by Rogier van der Weyden, painted about 1450–60.
Walter Heil. "The Jules Bache Collection." Art News 27 (April 27, 1929), p. 4.
Royal Cortissoz. "The Jules S. Bache Collection." American Magazine of Art 21 (May 1930), pp. 247, 258, ill., as by Rogier.
Jules Destrée. Roger de la Pasture—van der Weyden. Paris, 1930, vol. 1, p. 180; vol. 2, pl. 142, as apparently a fine portrait by Rogier, judging from a photograph.
August L. Mayer. "Die Sammlung Jules Bache in New-York." Pantheon 6 (December 1930), pp. 542–43, ill., as by Rogier.
Cinq siècles d'art: Exposition universelle et internationale de Bruxelles 1935. Exh. cat., Exposition universelle et internationale de Bruxelles. Brussels, , vol. 1, p. 10, no. 14, as "Man with a Turban" by Rogier.
F. Winkler. "Fälschungen auf den Ausstellungen in Brüssel, Antwerpen und Paris 1935." Mitteilungen des Museen-Verbandes (February 1936), pp. 23–24, fig. 6, considers it a less noteworthy example of Rogier's art and wonders about its slight provenance.
A Catalogue of Paintings in the Bache Collection. under revision. New York, 1937, unpaginated, no. 25, ill.
Max J. Friedländer. "Pieter Bruegel und Nachträge zu den früheren Bänden." Die altniederländische Malerei. 14, Leiden, 1937, p. 89, lists this picture in the supplement to Rogier's oeuvre.
Duveen Pictures in Public Collections of America. New York, 1941, unpaginated, no. 170, ill., as by Rogier, presume the subject is Philip the Good, Duke of Burgundy.
A Catalogue of Paintings in the Bache Collection. rev. ed. New York, 1943, unpaginated, no. 24, ill.
Harry B. Wehle and Margaretta Salinger. The Metropolitan Museum of Art: A Catalogue of Early Flemish, Dutch and German Paintings. New York, 1947, pp. 34–35, ill., as "Portrait of a Man in a Turban" by Rogier van der Weyden.
Millia Davenport. The Book of Costume. New York, 1948, vol. 1, p. 326, no. 856, ill. (cropped).
Theodor Musper. Untersuchungen zu Rogier van der Weyden und Jan van Eyck. Stuttgart, 1948, pp. 24, 59, pl. 88, as by Rogier, dates it about 1452.
Hermann Beenken. Rogier van der Weyden. Munich, 1951, p. 99, lists it with apochryphal works of Rogier.
Erwin Panofsky. Early Netherlandish Painting: Its Origins and Character. Cambridge, Mass., 1953, p. 478, n. 4 (to p. 294), rejects the attribution to Rogier "in view of the indifferent design and the un-Rogerian vacancy of the glance".
Julius S. Held. "Erwin Panofsky, 'Early Netherlandish Painting, Its Origin[s] and Character'." Art Bulletin 37 (September 1955), p. 206, shares Panofsky's doubts about this "evidently repainted portrait . . . which might be by Jacques Daret".
Erik Larsen. Les primitifs flamands au Musée Metropolitain de New York. Utrecht, 1960, pp. 59, 114, fig. 10, ascribes it to Rogier; states that he knew the picture before its restoration and that in the restorer's effort to bring the portrait closer to Rogier's linear and stylized manner, its appearance was greatly hardened.
Colin Eisler. "Erik Larsen, Les primitifs flamands au Musée Metropolitain de New York, 1960." Art Bulletin 46 (March 1964), p. 102, agrees with Larsen that the picture is not well preserved but notes that the greatest damage is not in key areas; wonders if it might be French in origin.
Max J. Friedländer et al. "Rogier van der Weyden and the Master of Flémalle." Early Netherlandish Painting. 2, New York, 1967, p. 89, supp. no. 135, pl. 139, lists it in the "Supplement to the Catalogues" and illustrates it as by Rogier.
J. Bruyn. "Een Portret van Enguerrand de Monstrelet door Rogier van der Weyden." Miscellanea Jozef Duverger: Bijdragen tot de Kunstgeschiedenis der Niederlanden. 1, Ghent, 1968, pp. 92–101, ill., as by Rogier, from about 1440; identifies the sitter as the chronicler Enguerrand de Monstrelet, comparing his features with those of a figure in the dedicatory miniature of a manuscript made for Philip the Good.
Peter H. Schabacker. Letter to Margaretta Salinger. December 10, 1969, identifies this picture with the work exhibited in Bruges in 1867 and 1902 as a portrait of Philip the Bold by Petrus Christus.
Robert A. Koch Bernard Berenson in Letter. February 23, 1971, observes that it "may well be correctly put in Rogier's camp".
Charles Sterling. Letter. February 20, 1971, would call it "attributed to" or "close follower of Rogier van der Weyden"; compares it with the "Portrait of a Man" in the Merton collection, which he considers an early work, but notes that the costume here does not seem earlier than about 1445.
Lorne Campbell. Unpublished notes. 1972, believes the costume and background are "entirely transformed" by restoration, but calls the head, except for the eyes, reasonably well preserved.
Martin Davies. Rogier van der Weyden: An Essay, with a Critical Catalogue of Paintings Assigned to Him and to Robert Campin. London, 1972, p. 230, pl. 120, finds an attribution to Rogier "very doubtful"; notes that Bruyn (Refs. 1968) unconvingly identified the sitter as de Monstrelet.
Peter H. Schabacker. "Martin Davies, Rogier van der Weyden." Art Quarterly 35, no. 4 (1972), p. 423, notes that Davies rightly rejects the attribution to Rogier.
Lorne Campbell. Unpublished notes. 1981, notes that the 1928 photo in Friedländer archives [R. K. D.], annotated "Zatzenstein [?], August 1928," shows this picture already in a restored state, and that the Witt library photo is annotated "Matthiesen, Berlin".
From Van Eyck to Bruegel: Early Netherlandish Painting in The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Exh. cat., The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 1998, p. 409, ill., as "Attributed to Rogier van der Weyden".
Dirk De Vos. Rogier van der Weyden: The Complete Works. New York, 1999, p. 413, no. C12, ill., notes that it has little in common with Rogier's style; finds the "fairly plastic and shiny character of the head" similar to that of Heinrich Werl (Prado, Madrid), although the hands are more reminiscent of Van Eyck.
Maximiliaan P. J. Martens. "Patronage." Early Netherlandish Paintings: Rediscovery, Reception and Research. English ed. Amsterdam, 2005, p. 346, fig. 150 [Dutch ed., "'Om iets te weten van de oude meesters'. De Vlaamse Primitieven—herontdekking, waardering en onderzoek," Nijmegen, 1995], illustrates it as "Rogier van der Weyden (?), 'Portrait of a Man with a Turban (Enguerrand de Monstrelet?)'".
Jean-Luc Pypaert. "Early Netherlandish Painting XV?: Joseph van der Veken." Autour de La "Madeleine Renders": Un aspect de l'histoire des collections, de la restauration et de la contrefaçon en Belgique dans la première moitié du XXe siècle. Brussels, 2008, p. 247, no. 166, ill., lists this portrait among works that appear to have been heavily restored by Van der Veken; remarks that a manuscript note in a copy of Ref. Wehle and Salinger 1947 in the library of the CPF [Centre national de recherches 'Primitifs flamands,' Brussels] identifies this picture as coming from the Gaston Müller collection, Brussels.