Pitture della raccolta del co.te Gio Batta Costabili di Ferrara. 1835, c. 21v, no. 205 [Biblioteca dell'Archiginnasio, Bologna, ms A1324; see Ref. Mattaliano 1998], describes it and calls it "antichissima e piccola tavola per traverso così bella che dicesi di Giotto".
Camillo Laderchi. "L'antica scuola ferrarese." Descrizione della quadreria Costabili. 1, Ferrara, 1838, p. 24, no. 4, attributes it to Galasso Galassi.
Giovanni Rosini. Storia della pittura italiana esposta coi monumenti. 2, 2nd ed. Pisa, 1848, pp. 158, 173 n. 8, pl. 241, as by Galasso Galassi.
J[oseph]. A[rcher]. Crowe and G[iovanni]. B[attista]. Cavalcaselle. A History of Painting in North Italy: Venice, Padua, Vicenza, Verona, Ferrara, Milan, Friuli, Brescia, from the Fourteenth to the Sixteenth Century. London, 1871, vol. 1, p. 515 n. 3, attribute it to Sano di Pietro.
[Gaetano Giordani]. Catalogo de' quadri di varie scuole pittoriche nella galleria Costabili in Ferrara. Bologna, 1871, p. 7, no. 45, as of uncertain attribution, in the matter of the Giotteschi; notes that the collection is exhibited for sale.
[Gaetano Giordani]. Catalogo de' quadri di varie scuole pittoriche nella galleria Costabili in Ferrara. Bologna, 1872, no. 45 [see Ref. Mattaliano 1998].
J[oseph]. A[rcher]. Crowe and G[iovanni]. B[attista]. Cavalcaselle. A History of Painting in North Italy: Venice, Padua, Vicenza, Verona, Ferrara, Milan, Friuli, Brescia, from the Fourteenth to the Sixteenth Century. 2nd ed. [1st ed. 1871]. London, 1912, vol. 2, p. 223 n. 4.
Bernhard Berenson. Italian Pictures of the Renaissance. Oxford, 1932, p. 500, lists it as by Sano di Pietro.
Bernhard Berenson. Pitture italiane del rinascimento. Milan, 1936, p. 430.
Bernard Berenson. Italian Pictures of the Renaissance: Central Italian and North Italian Schools. London, 1968, vol. 1, p. 376.
Federico Zeri with the assistance of Elizabeth E. Gardner. Italian Paintings: A Catalogue of the Collection of The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Sienese and Central Italian Schools. New York, 1980, pp. 82–83, pls. 54 (obverse), 55 (reverse), date it to the artist's early middle period, perhaps about 1450–55.
Jaynie Anderson. "The Rediscovery of Ferrarese Renaissance Painting in the Risorgimento." Burlington Magazine 135 (August 1993), p. 546, figs. 33, 34 (detail of left wing during treatment), states that Costabili was against the intrusive restoration of his paintings, and that after they left his collection they were often extensively and deceptively repainted; uses the restoration discovered around the figure of Saint John the Baptist as an example of this practice.
Mojmír S. Frinta. "Part I: Catalogue Raisonné of All Punch Shapes." Punched Decoration on Late Medieval Panel and Miniature Painting. Prague, 1998, pp. 191, 261, 425, classifies the punch marks appearing in this painting.
Emanuele Mattaliano. La collezione Costabili. Venice, 1998, p. 34–35, no. 4, ill. pp. 178–79 (open, obverse and reverse, and closed), gives early bibliography.
Mauro Natale and Giovanni Sassu in Cosmè Tura e Francesco del Cossa: l'arte a Ferrara nell'età di Borso d'Este. Exh. cat., Palazzo dei Diamanti and Palazzo Schifanoia. Ferrara, 2007, pp. 40, 59 n. 13, compare the misguided restoration of the Saint John the Baptist panel [see Ref. Anderson 1993] with that of a work (Pisanello, Portrait of Leonello d'Este; Accademia Carrara, Bergamo) also formerly in the Costabili collection.
Dóra Sallay. "Early Sienese Paintings in Hungarian Collections, 1420–1520." PhD diss., Central European University, Budapest, 2008, p. 100 n. 200, mentions it as an example of a rectangular portable triptych.
Old Master & British Paintings. Christie's, London. July 3, 2012, p. 110, under no. 27.