Jean François de Troy. Letter to M. Orry. August 29, 1738 [published in Anatole de Montaiglon and Jules Guiffrey, "Correspondance des directeurs de l'Académie de France à Rome," Paris, vol. 9, 1899, p. 349], writes that he has not been able to work on the paintings [cartoons], since he does not have the sketches with him.
chevalier de Valory in L. Dussieux et al. Mémoires inédits sur la vie et les ouvrages des membres de l'Académie Royale de Peinture et de Sculpture. Paris, 1854, vol. 2, p. 277, dates the sketches to 1736, and states that the cartoon for the Triumph of Mordecai was painted after de Troy arrived in Rome in 1738.
Joseph Breck and Meyric R. Rogers. The Pierpont Morgan Wing: A Handbook. New York, 1925, p. 299, call it a study for the Louvre painting.
G[aston]. Brière in Louis Dimier. Les peintres français du XVIII siècle. 2, Paris, 1930, pp. 18–19, 34, no. 18, conflates this painting and the ex-Rothan version.
J. Combe. Exposition esquisses maquettes: projets et ébauches de l'école française du XVIIIe siècle. Exh. cat., Galerie Cailleux. Paris, , p. 22, states that all the sketches except the Triumph of Mordecai were included in the Marcille sale of 1857.
Charles Sterling. "XV–XVIII Centuries." The Metropolitan Museum of Art: A Catalogue of French Paintings. 1, Cambridge, Mass., 1955, pp. 117–18, ill.
Charles Schaettel. Unpublished catalogue of the paintings in the Musée des beaux-arts, Beaune. 1971, p. 57, under no. 24, identifies the Beaune painting as a copy after the MMA work, which he dates after 1737, calling it the second study, after the ex-Rothan version.
Marie-Catherine Sahut in La collection A. P. de Mirimonde (legs aux musées de Gray et de Tours). Exh. cat., Musée du Louvre. Paris, 1987, p. 83, ill.
Christophe Leribault. Jean-François de Troy (1679–1752). Paris, 2002, pp. 98, 352–53, 360, no. P.252a, ill. pp. 97 (color), 352, dates it probably 1736 and calls it the first sketch.
Tableaux et dessins anciens et du XIXe siècle.June 23, 2011, p. 88, under no. 66, mentions it in the entry for a sketch for the same subject attributed to the Workshop of de Troy [lots 61–67 are seven sketches depicting the story of Esther, all attributed to de Troy except for the one of this subject, which also has a different provenance from the other six].
Alexis Merle du Bourg. Jean-François de Troy (1679–1752): The Story of Esther. Paris, , pp. 53–54, 57, 59, under no. VI.
Daniëlle O. Kisluk-Grosheide and Ulrich Leben in Salvaging the Past: Georges Hoentschel and French Decorative Arts from The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Exh. cat., Bard Graduate Center: Decorative Arts, Design History, Material Culture. New York, 2013, p. 27, fig. 2.10 (color).