Vincent van Gogh. Letter to his brother Theo. [June 25, 1889] [Van Gogh Museum, Amsterdam, inv. no. b644 V/1962; pub. in Van Gogh Letters 1958, letter no. 596; Van Gogh Letters 2009, letter no. 783], discusses two studies of cypresses that he has been working on and includes a sketch of this painting in the letter (JH1750), stating that he believes it will turn out to be the better of the two, and adding that he will send a further drawing of the painting.
Vincent van Gogh. Letter to his brother Theo. [July 2, 1889] [Van Gogh Museum, Amsterdam, inv. no. b645 V/1962; pub. in Van Gogh Letters 1958, letter no. 597; Van Gogh Letters 2009, letter no. 784], mentions that he is enclosing "ten or so drawings today, all after canvases on the go," including one after this work (F1525; Brooklyn Museum).
Vincent van Gogh. Letter to his brother Theo. [September 28, 1889] [Van Gogh Museum, Amsterdam, inv. no. b656 V/1962; pub. in Van Gogh Letters 1958, letter no. 608; Van Gogh Letters 2009, letter no. 806], writes that he is sending off to Theo that day a "Study of cypresses" along with several other canvases.
Theo van Gogh. Letter to his brother Vincent. March 19, 1890 [Van Gogh Museum, Amsterdam, inv. no. b756 V/1962; pub. in Van Gogh Letters 1958, letter no. T29; Van Gogh Letters 2009, letter no. 858], remarks that his brother's paintings, including this work, are "well placed and look very well" at the exhibition of the Indépendants.
Lucien Moline. Letter to Johanna van Gogh-Bonger. June 14, 1895 [Van Gogh Museum, Amsterdam], states that he has found a dealer who will purchase this painting along with six others for a total price of Fr 800, not counting the cost of the frames and his own commission.
Julien Leclercq. Letter to Johanna van Gogh-Bonger. February 20, 1901 [Van Gogh Museum, Amsterdam], states that he purchased this painting eight days ago for Fr 600.
Julius Meier-Graefe. Entwicklungsgeschichte der Modernen Kunst. Stuttgart, 1904, vol. 1, pp. 119–20 n. 1, states that Maurice Fabre owns it.
R. Meyer-Riefstahl. "Vincent van Gogh—I." Burlington Magazine 18 (November 1910), ill. p. 96.
E. A. Seemann. Bildende Kunst 10 (July 1912), p. 229, [see records in archive file].
Shirakaba 3 (January 1912), ill. between pp. 68 and 69.
Camera Work special no. (June 1913), pl. IV.
Max Deri. Die Malerei im XIX. Jahrhundert. Berlin, 1920, vol. 1, p. 227; vol. 2, pl. 57, erroneously dates it 1890.
Curt Glaser. Vincent van Gogh. Leipzig, 1921, pl. 16.
Jahrbuch der Kunst (1922), p. 32, [see records in archive file].
Wissen und Leben 17, no. 1 (October 1, 1923), p. 1, ill., [see Ref. La Faille 1928].
Roch Grey. Vincent van Gogh. Rome, 1924, ill.
Max Osborn. "Klassiker der französischen Moderne die Galerien Thannhauser im Berliner Künstlerhaus." Deutsche Kunst und Dekoration 59 (March 1927), ill. p. 336.
Julius Meier-Graefe. "Die Franzosen in Berlin." Der Cicerone 19 (January 1927), ill. p. 54, notes that Berlin 1927 was organized by the Galerien Thannhauser and took place in the Berliner Künstlerhaus.
J.-B. de La Faille. "Vincent van Gogh." L'Art vivant 3 (August 1, 1927), ill. p. 626.
Florent Fels. Vincent van Gogh. Paris, 1928, ill. (color, frontispiece).
J.-B. de La Faille. L'Oeuvre de Vincent van Gogh: Catalogue Raisonné. Paris, 1928, vol. 1, pp. 172–73, no. 613; vol. 2, pl. 171.
Julius Meier-Graefe. Vincent van Gogh: Mit Vierundfünfzig abbildungen und dem faksimile eines briefes. 6th revised ed. Munich, 1929, ill p. 23, calls it "Zypressen" and identifies the owner as Galerie Thannhauser, Lucerne; notes that a color reproduction is available from Piper-Drucke.
Ralph Flint. "The Current American Art Season." Art and Understanding 1, no. 2 (March 1930), p. 184, ill. p. 176.
J.-B. de La Faille. Les Faux Van Gogh. Paris, 1930, pp. 7–8, 44, pl. 6, discusses the relationship between this work, the drawing in Brooklyn (F1525), and two paintings (F614 and F616) with very similar compositions which he had exposed as fakes in the corrigenda to his catalogue raisonné of 1928.
W. Scherjon. Catalogue des tableaux par Vincent van Gogh décrits dans ses lettres. Périodes: St. Rémy et Auvers sur Oise. Utrecht, 1932, p. 22, no. 10, ill.
Alfred Bader. Künstler-Tragik: Karl Stauffer, Vincent van Gogh. Basel, 1932, pp. 89–90, pl. 47.
W. Scherjon and Jos. De Gruyter. Vincent van Gogh's Great Period: Arles, St. Rémy and Auvers sur Oise (complete catalogue). Amsterdam, 1937, p. 212, St. Rémy no. 10, ill.
Jean de Beucken. Vincent van Gogh: un portrait. [Brussels], n.d., p. 94, ill. p. 103 (color).
J.-B. de La Faille. Vincent van Gogh. London, , pp. 425, 559, 574, 588, no. 616, ill.
Georg Schmidt. Van Gogh. Bern, 1947, pp. 26–27, pl. 38.
Isabella H. Perry. "Vincent van Gogh's Illness: A Case Record." Bulletin of the History of Medicine 21, no. 2 (1947), p. 169.
M. M. van Dantzig. Vincent?: A New Method of Identifying the Artist and His Work and of Unmasking the Forger and His Products. Amsterdam, , pp. 89–90, 95–96, pl. 6.
"Notes on the Cover." Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 8 (October 1949), opp. p. 49, ill. in color on cover.
Murray Pease. "The Hand and the Brush." Art News Annual 19 (1950), pp. 90–96, ill. overall (color and black and white) and four details (black and white), analyzes the painter's technique.
Jean Leymarie. Van Gogh. [Paris], 1951, pp. 91, 125, no. 116, ill., identifies the second study of cypresses mentioned by Van Gogh in his letter to Theo [see Ref. Gogh 1889, letter no. 596] as F620 (Kröller-Müller Museum, Otterlo).
Margaretta M. Salinger. The Metropolitan Museum of Art Miniatures: Vincent van Gogh. New York, 1952, unpaginated, ill. (color).
John Rewald. Post-Impressionism: From Van Gogh to Gauguin. 1st ed. New York, 1956, p. 334, ill. p. 335 (color) [3rd, rev. ed., 1978, p. 311, ill. p. 314 (color)].
August Kuhn-Foelix. Vincent van Gogh: Eine Psychographie. Bergen, Germany, 1958, p. 146, pl. 37 (cropped).
Vincent van Gogh. The Complete Letters of Vincent van Gogh with Reproductions of All the Drawings in the Correspondence. Greenwich, Conn., 1958, under letter nos. 596–97, 608, T29.
Catalogue of Colour Reproductions of Paintings—1860 to 1961. Paris, 1961, p. 165, no. 420, ill., erroneously as in a private collection.
H. R. Graetz. The Symbolic Language of Vincent van Gogh. New York, 1963, pp. 185–88, 191, 193–94, 311, colorpl. 72.
Charles Sterling and Margaretta M. Salinger. French Paintings: A Catalogue of the Collection of The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Vol. 3, XIX–XX Centuries. New York, 1967, pp. 188–89, ill.
Margaretta M. Salinger. "Windows Open to Nature." Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 27 (Summer 1968), unpaginated, ill.
Jean Leymarie. Van Gogh. [1st ed., 1968]. New York, 1977, pp. 152, 164, 209, ill. p. 153 (color).
Alan Bowness. Vincent van Gogh: Paintings and Drawings from the Collection of the Vincent van Gogh Foundation, Amsterdam. Exh. cat., Hayward Gallery. [London], , pp. 110–11.
Marc Edo Tralbaut. Vincent van Gogh. New York, 1969, p. 292 [French ed., "Van Gogh, le mal aimé," 1969].
J.-B. de La Faille. The Works of Vincent van Gogh: His Paintings and Drawings. Amsterdam, 1970, pp. 246–47, 528, 635, no. 613, ill.
Paolo Lecaldano. L'opera pittorica completa di Van Gogh e i suoi nessi grafici. Vol. 2, Da Arles a Auvers. repr. [1st ed., 1966]. Milan, 1971–77, p. 220, no. 668, ill. p. 218.
Hope Benedict Werness. "Essays on van Gogh's Symbolism." PhD diss., University of California, Santa Barbara, 1972, p. 219 n. 17.
Matthias Arnold. "Duktus und Bildform bei Vincent van Gogh." PhD diss., Ruprecht-Karl University, Heidelberg, 1973, pp. 108–110, 155–56, 194 n. 406.
Carl R. Baldwin. The Impressionist Epoch. Exh. brochure, The Metropolitan Museum of Art. [New York], 1974, p. 20, ill., believes it should be considered the daylight counterpart to "Starry Night" (Museum of Modern Art, New York), painted at about the same time.
Jan Hulsker. The Complete Van Gogh: Paintings, Drawings, Sketches. [1st ed., Amsterdam, 1977]. New York, 1980, pp. 398, 404, no. 1746, ill.
Paul Hefting. Vincent van Gogh: A Detailed Catalogue of the Paintings and Drawings by Vincent van Gogh in the Collection of the Kröller-Müller National Museum. 4th rev. ed. Otterlo, 1980, p. 103 [1st Dutch ed., 1957; 1st English ed., 1959].
Carol Donnell-Kotrozo. Critical Essays on Postimpressionism. London, 1983, ill. [plates unpaginated].
Albert Boime. "Van Gogh's 'Starry Night': A History of Matter and a Matter of History." Arts Magazine 59 (December 1984), p. 87, fig. 6.
Ronald Pickvance The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Van Gogh in Saint-Rémy and Auvers. New York, 1986, pp. 108–10, 113, 189, 191, 298–99, no. 15, ill. (black and white and color), identifies it as "almost certainly" the picture included in the 1890 Salon des Indépendants as no. 832 [see Exhibitions].
Patricia Mathews. "Aurier and Van Gogh: Criticism and Response." Art Bulletin 68 (March 1986), p. 95, fig. 3 [the captions to figs. 2–4 are mixed up].
Lauren Soth. "Van Gogh's Agony." Art Bulletin 68 (June 1986), p. 309 n. 41.
Gary Tinterow et al. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Vol. 8, Modern Europe. New York, 1987, pp. 64–65, colorpl. 43 (overall and detail).
John Leighton in "Vincent van Gogh's 'A Cornfield, with Cypresses'." National Gallery Technical Bulletin 11 (1987), pp. 44–45 n. 8.
Walter Feilchenfeldt. Vincent van Gogh & Paul Cassirer, Berlin: The Reception of Van Gogh in Germany from 1901 to 1914. Zwolle, The Netherlands, 1988, pp. 107, 149, 158, ill.
Marja Supinen. "Julien Leclercq-Vincent van Goghin varhainen puolustaja." Taidehistoriallisia Tutkimuksia Konsthistoriska Studier 11 (1988), pp. 82, 87–89, 92, 109, fig. 8, identifies it as having been in Leclercq's collection, and as no. 35 in the 1901 Bernheim-Jeune exhibition, at least in part because of the name "Leclercq" which appears in blue across the back of the stretcher.
Fritz Erpel. Vincent van Gogh: Lebensbilder, Lebenszeichen. Munich, 1989, colorpl. 440.
Uwe M. Schneede. Van Gogh in St. Rémy und Auvers: Gemälde 1889/1890. Munich, 1989, unpaginated, colorpl. 7.
Evert van Uitert et al. Vincent van Gogh: Paintings. Exh. cat., Rijksmuseum Vincent van Gogh, Amsterdam. Milan, 1990, pp. 210–12, no. 90, ill. (color).
Charles S. Moffett in The Passionate Eye: Impressionist and Other Master Paintings from the Collection of Emil G. Bührle, Zürich. Exh. cat., National Gallery of Art, Washington. Zürich, 1990, p. 176.
Roland Dorn in Vincent van Gogh and the Modern Movement: 1890–1914. Exh. cat., Museum Folkwang, Essen. Freren, Germany, 1990, pp. 170, 172, 189 n. 2, states that Theo sent it to the 1890 Salon des Indépendants, and that "in 1891 it was presumably exhibited there again".
Walter Feilchenfeldt in Vincent van Gogh and the Modern Movement: 1890–1914. Exh. cat., Museum Folkwang, Essen. Freren, Germany, 1990, p. 44.
Ronald Pickvance in Vincent van Gogh: Drawings. Exh. cat., Rijksmuseum Kröller-Müller, Otterlo. Milan, 1990, p. 286.
Stanley David Gedzelman. "The Meteorological Odyssey of Vincent van Gogh." Leonardo 23, no. 1 (1990), pp. 110–11, fig. 6.
Marja Supinen. "Julien Leclerq: A Champion of the Unknown Vincent van Gogh." Jong Holland 6, no. 6 (1990), p. 14, fig. 11.
Jan Hulsker. Vincent van Gogh: A Guide to His Work and Letters. Amsterdam, 1993, pp. 41, 54–55, 61, 76.
Gary Tinterow in "Recent Acquisitions, A Selection: 1992–1993." Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 51 (Fall 1993), p. 51.
Vojtech Jirat-Wasiutynski. "Vincent van Gogh's Paintings of Olive Trees and Cypresses from St.-Rémy." Art Bulletin 75 (December 1993), pp. 656–58, 667, fig. 11.
Louis van Tilborgh in In Perfect Harmony: Picture + Frame, 1850–1920. Exh. cat., Van Gogh Museum. Amsterdam, 1995, p. 172.
Matthias Arnold. Vincent van Gogh: Werk und Wirkung. Munich, 1995, pp. 485, 494, colorpl. 277.
Jan Hulsker. The New Complete Van Gogh: Paintings, Drawings, Sketches. rev. ed. Amsterdam, 1996, pp. 398, 496, no. 1746, ill. p. 404.
Håkan Larsson. Flames from the South: On the Introduction of Vincent van Gogh to Sweden. Eslöv, 1996, pp. 42–43.
Naomi Margolis Maurer. The Pursuit of Spiritual Wisdom: The Thought and Art of Vincent van Gogh and Paul Gauguin. Madison, N.J., 1998, p. 92, fig. 154 (color).
Bogomila Welsh-Ovcharov. Van Gogh in Provence and Auvers. [New York], 1999, pp. 235, 238, ill. p. 240 (color).
Ronald Pickvance. Van Gogh. Exh. cat., Fondation Pierre Gianadda. Martigny, 2000, pp. 35, 90.
The Berggruen Collection. Phillips, New York. May 7, 2001, p. 54, fig. 7.
Douglas Druick and Peter Kort Zegers et al. Van Gogh and Gauguin: The Studio of the South. Exh. cat., Art Institute of Chicago. New York, 2001, pp. 289, 294, 408, no. 117, fig. 47 (color).
Louis van Tilborgh and Ella Hendriks. "The Tokyo 'Sunflowers': A Genuine Repetition by Van Gogh or a Schuffenecker Forgery?" Van Gogh Museum Journal (2001), p. 28 n. 71, pp. 30–31 n. 86, discuss the piece of canvas added to the painting in the context of other Van Goghs with similar additions.
Chris Stolwijk and Han Veenenbos. The Account Book of Theo van Gogh and Jo van Gogh-Bonger. Amsterdam, 2002, pp. 47, 105, 142, 181, 183, ill., identify it as one of seven paintings sold by Van Gogh-Bonger for 384 guilders to the Paris dealer Lucien Moline in 1895.
Pierre Cabanne. Van Gogh. Paris, 2002, p. 178.
Hildelies Balk in The Paintings of Vincent van Gogh in the Collection of the Kröller-Müller Museum. Ed. Toos van Kooten and Mieke Rijnders. Otterlo, 2003, p. 440.
Teio Meedendorp in The Paintings of Vincent van Gogh in the Collection of the Kröller-Müller Museum. Ed. Toos van Kooten and Mieke Rijnders. Otterlo, 2003, pp. 298–99, ill. (color), discusses the painting and its provenance in relation to a related work (F620); explains the symbolism of the cypress.
Frances Fowle. "Painting Like a Provençal: Cézanne, Van Gogh, and the Secret of Monticelli's 'Alchemy'." Soil and Stone: Impressionism, Urbanism, Environment. Ed. Frances Fowle and Richard Thomson. Aldershot, England, 2003, p. 147, calls this and F620 "possibly his [Van Gogh's] most Monticelli-like compositions;" states that our picture was the initial study.
Marije Vellekoop in Vincent van Gogh: The Drawings. Exh. cat., Van Gogh Museum, Amsterdam. New York, 2005, pp. 312, 314–15, no. 109, ill. (color).
Sjraar van Heugten. Van Gogh Draughtsman: The Masterpieces. Exh. cat., Van Gogh Museum. Amsterdam, 2005, pp. 163, 167, 191, fig. 147 (color).
Walter Feilchenfeldt. By Appointment Only: Cézanne, Van Gogh and Some Secrets of Art Dealing. English ed. London, 2006, ill. p. 72 (color), as "The Cypresses"; includes installation photo of painting at the 1912 Sonderbund exhibition in Cologne [see Exh. Cologne 1912].
Lupina Lara Elizondo in Lupina Lara Elizondo. Van Gogh, Atl, O'Higgins: Expresión humana, esencia del paisaje. Mexico City, 2006, pp. 111, 257, ill. p. 103 (color).
Susan Alyson Stein in The Masterpieces of French Painting from The Metropolitan Museum of Art: 1800–1920. Exh. cat., Museum of Fine Arts, Houston. New York, 2007, pp. 148–49, 219, no. 109, ill. (color and black and white).
Susan Alyson Stein in Masterpieces of European Painting, 1800–1920, in The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 2007, pp. 170, 258–59, no. 158, ill. (color and black and white).
Marije Vellekoop in Van Gogh: Heartfelt Lines. Ed. Klaus Albrecht Schröder et al. Exh. cat., Albertina, Vienna. Cologne, 2008, pp. 60, 67 n. 1.
Marie-Paule Vial in Van Gogh Monticelli. Exh. cat., Centre de la Vieille Charité, Marseille. [Paris], 2008, p. 34, fig. 13 (color).
Gottfried Boehm in Vincent van Gogh—Between Earth and Heaven: The Landscapes. Exh. cat., Kunstmuseum Basel. Ostfildern, 2009, pp. 34, 46.
Seraina Werthemann and Nina Zimmer in Vincent van Gogh—Between Earth and Heaven: The Landscapes. Exh. cat., Kunstmuseum Basel. Ostfildern, 2009, pp. 241–43, 246–47, 304, no. 50, ill. (color).
Susan Alyson Stein in Masterpieces of Impressionism and Post-Impressionism: The Annenberg Collection. Ed. Susan Alyson Stein and Asher Ethan Miller. 4th rev. ed. [1st ed., 1989]. New York, 2009, pp. 208, 210, 220, 223 n. 15, fig. 154 (color).
Vincent van Gogh. Vincent van Gogh—The Letters. Ed. Leo Jansen, Hans Luijten, and Nienke Bakker. London, 2009, vol. 5, pp. 41–42, 46, fig. 6 (color), under letter no. 783, p. 49, fig. 10 (color), under letter no. 784, p. 106, fig. 5 (color), under letter no. 806, pp. 206–7, fig. 1 (color), under letter no. 858, identify it as the painting shown at Exh. Paris 1890 as "Le cyprès".
Leo Jansen in The Real Van Gogh: The Artist and His Letters. Exh. cat., Royal Academy of Arts. London, 2010, p. 239.
Teio Meedendorp in The Real Van Gogh: The Artist and His Letters. Exh. cat., Royal Academy of Arts. London, 2010, pp. 240–43, no. 133, ill. (color).
Steven Naifeh and Gregory White Smith. Van Gogh: The Life. New York, 2011, p. 759, ill. between pp. 590 and 591 (color).
Susan Alyson Stein in Earth, Sea, and Sky: Nature in Western Art; Masterpieces from The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Exh. cat., Tokyo Metropolitan Art Museum. [Tokyo], 2012, pp. 15, 19, 148, 154–55, 247, no. 94, ill. in color (overall, detail, and cover) and b&w [Chinese ed., Hefei Shi, 2013, pp. 206–7, no. 94, ill. in color (overall, detail, and cover)].
Walter Feilchenfeldt. Vincent van Gogh: The Years in France. Complete Paintings 1886–1890. London, 2013, p. 31 n. 23, pp. 210, 292, 312, 316, 318–20, 343, 346, ill. (color) [1st German ed., 2009], as "The Cypresses".