Charles Saunier. "Henri-Gabriel Ibels." La Plume 5 (January 15, 1893), ill. p. 30 (reproduction after the composition).
Gustave Coquiot. H. de Toulouse-Lautrec. Paris, 1913, p. 188.
Gustave Coquiot. Lautrec, ou quinze ans de mœurs parisiennes, 1885–1900. Paris, 1921, p. 121.
Maurice Joyant. Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, 1864–1901. Vol. 1, Peintre. Paris, 1926, p. 227, ill. p. 205.
Art News 33 (December 15, 1934), ill. on cover, states that it is currently on exhibition at the galleries of Dikran G. Kelekian, New York.
Émile Schaub-Koch. Psychanalyse d'un peintre moderne: Henri de Toulouse Lautrec. Paris, 1935, p. 211, calls it similar to a Pierrot.
Gerstle Mack. Toulouse-Lautrec. New York, 1938, p. 270.
Achille Astre. H. de Toulouse-Lautrec. Paris, , p. 81.
Pierre Mac Orlan. Lautrec, peintre de la lumière froide. Paris, 1941, p. 120, errroneously dates it 1896.
Henri Perruchot. T-Lautrec. [Paris], 1958, p. 208.
Jean Adhémar in Toulouse-Lautrec. Paris, 1962, p. 189.
M. Roy Fisher. The Annenberg Collection. Exh. cat., Tate Gallery. London, 1969, unpaginated, no. 30, ill. (color), states that it was painted as a study for the illustration in "La Plume" [see Ref. Saunier 1893].
M. G. Dortu. Toulouse-Lautrec et son œuvre. New York, 1971, vol. 2, pp. 278–79, no. P.463, ill., mentions the related brush and ink drawing of this composition (Smith College Museum of Art, Northampton, Mass.).
G. M. Sugana in The Complete Paintings of Toulouse-Lautrec. London, 1973, p. 107, no. 326, ill., confuses its location with the drawing (Smith College Museum of Art).
Joseph J. Rishel in Masterpieces of Impressionism & Post-Impressionism: The Annenberg Collection. Ed. Colin B. Bailey, Joseph J. Rishel, and Mark Rosenthal. Exh. cat., Philadelphia Museum of Art. Philadelphia, 1991, pp. 65–66, 172–73, ill. (color and black and white), dates it 1893; notes that the drawing at Smith College is nearly identical and inadvertently lists a sale for the drawing in the provenance for this picture.
Jérôme Coignard. "Le Salon de peinture de Mr. et Mrs. Annenberg." Beaux arts no. 92 (July–August 1991), p. 72.
Danièle Devynck. Toulouse-Lautrec. [Paris], , p. 151, no. 20, ill.
Julia Frey. Toulouse-Lautrec: A Life. London, 1994, p. 317.
Colta Ives. Toulouse-Lautrec in The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Exh. cat., The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 1996, pp. 30, 61, fig. 31 (color), remarks that when Lautrec painted it, he and Ibels were preparing their joint portfolio of prints, "Le Café Concert".
Linda Muehlig in Master Drawings from the Smith College Museum of Art. New York, 2000, pp. 194, 197 n. 1, fig. 1.
Joseph J. Rishel in Masterpieces of Impressionism and Post-Impressionism: The Annenberg Collection. Ed. Susan Alyson Stein and Asher Ethan Miller. 4th rev. ed. [1st ed., 1989]. New York, 2009, pp. 248–51, no. 46, ill. (color), dates it 1892–93; based on the inscription on the Smith College drawing, asserts that the drawing served as the direct source for the lithographic reproduction in "La Plume".