Signature: Liu Jie's signature, in the upper left corner, follows the formula of a court painter fulfilling a commission. It reads: "Painted by Liu Jie of Anch'eng, Commander in the Embroidered Uniform Guard, on Appointment to the Wenhua Palace." Mike Hearn, 12/02
Jinyi Zhihui zhi Wenhua Dian Anchêng Liu jie [ Jinyi Zhihui (title of court painter) on duty at Wenhua Dian (palace name) Anchêng [place in Shanxi?) Liu Jie painted]. trans. by C.C.W.
Seals: 1. (double) Jingxian [hao]
2, 3. undeciperable