Fernand Léger. Letter to Katherine S. Dreier. December 24, 1925 [Dreier Archives, Beinecke Rare Books Building, Yale University, New Haven; published in Christian Derouet, ed. "Chronologie et Bibliographie," in "Fernand Léger," exh. cat., Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris, 1997, p. 315], regrets that he cannot sell this painting to Dreier because it belongs to the Galerie Simon, whose proprietor, Kahnweiler, will not agree to the price offered by Dreier.
"From the Exhibition by Fernand Leger." Art News 24 (November 14, 1925), p. 2, ill., as "Personnage [sic] dans un jardin"; notes that this picture will be shown in Exh. New York 1925.
Guy Eglington. "Miss Dreier Shows Léger's Paintings." Art News 24 (November 21, 1925), p. 2.
Margaretta M. Salinger. "Current Exhibitions." Parnassus 6 (November 1934), p. 34.
Christopher Green in Léger and Purist Paris. Exh. cat., Tate Gallery. London, 1970, pp. 59, 61, 99, no. 36, ill. p. 66, discusses it as one of the works leading to "Mother and Child" (1922; Kunstmuseum Basel; Bauquier 1992, no. 335).
Michèle Richet with Claude Laugier in Fernand Léger. Exh. cat., Grand Palais. Paris, 1971, p. 14, no. 69, ill. p. 69.
Susana Leval in Modern Masters: Manet to Matisse. Ed. William S. Lieberman. Exh. cat., Sydney Art Gallery of New South Wales. New York, 1975, pp. 238–39, 265, no. 54, ill.
Werner Schmalenbach. Fernand Léger. New York, 1976, fig. 26, calls it "Figures in a Garden".
Robert L. Herbert, Eleanor S. Apter, and Elise K. Kenney, ed. The Société Anonyme and the Dreier Bequest at Yale University: A Catalogue Raisonné. New Haven, 1984, pp. 400, 772, ill., frontispiece (installation photo of Dreier's home), note that Kahnweiler lent this work to Exh. New York 1925 and sold it to Dreier in spring 1926; state that American University sold it to Emil in 1961.
Sabine Rewald in Recent Acquisitions: A Selection, 1986–1987. New York, 1987, pp. 68–69, ill. (color), as "People by a Garden".
Werner Schmalenbach in Fernand Léger. Exh. cat., Kunsthalle der Hypo-Kulturstiftung. Munich, 1988, unpaginated, no. 20, ill. (color).
Georges Bauquier assisté de Nelly Maillard. Fernand Léger: Catalogue raisonné. Vol. 2, 1920–1924. Paris, 1992, pp. 232–33, no. 332, ill. (color), calls it "Personnages dans un jardin".
Impressionist and Modern Paintings, Watercolours, and Sculpture (Part I). Christie's, London. June 23, 1997, p. 72, under no. 28, mentions it in relation to a similar version (sold, Christie's, New York, November 8, 2006; Bauquier 1992, no. 333) and its pencil study, as well as to two versions of the "Mother and Child" theme (both 1922; private collection and Kunstmuseum Basel; Bauquier 1992, nos. 334, 335).
William S. Lieberman in Picasso and the School of Paris: Paintings from The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. Exh. cat., Kyoto Municipal Museum of Art. [Tokyo], 2002, pp. 91, 95, 167, no. 38, ill. (color), calls it a family portrait of grandmother, mother and child.
Impressionist and Modern Art. Christie's, New York. November 8, 2006, p. 130, under no. 44, fig. 6 (color), suggests that it depicts a woman "symbolically evolving through the three stages of life"; calls it a "more simplified version" of "Three People before a Garden" (Bauquier 1992, no. 333), in which the two right-hand figures appear androgynous.
Kenneth E. Silver. Chaos and Classicism: Art in France, Italy, and Germany, 1918–1936. Exh. cat., Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum. New York, 2010, pp. 29, 176, colorpl. 15 and ill. cover (color), cites it as an example of images of happy families prevalent in European art after World War I.
Richard Meyer. "'Big, Middle-Class Modernism'." October 131 (Winter 2010), pp. 112–15, ill. (installation photos), as "People in a Garden".