Signature: Artist's inscription in upper left corner of painting, in regular script:
"In Xiang Yuanbian's collection I once saw Ma Yuan's painting 'Layered Peaks among Clouds'. Unfortunately, it was not protected from fire and is already destroyed. Today, in order to conjure up its idea, I have done this painting by blending the methods of the four masters Dong (Yuan), Ju (-ran), Ma (Yuan) and Xia (Gui). [Done in] a winter month of the year yiwei (probably 1655) to give my friend Qingxia Daoyu a laugh. Li Zai of Putian"
[Qingxia Daoyu may be the mid-17th century Souzhou painter, Gu Ningyuan].
Seals: 1. Li Zai (square, intaglio)
2. Yizheng (square, relief)
(Neither appears in Wang & Contag or in the Palace Museum series Seals and Signatures).
Inscription: Colophons on separate sheet of paper:
1. Zai Lin of Zhejiang, Xiaoshan: 8 lines of xingshu (dated 1711); followed by one seal: Zipei (square, relief)
2. Chen Shen of Jiangsi, Taixian: 8 lines of xingshu (undated); followed by one seal: Guangfu (square, relief)
3. Huang Zimin of Anhwei, Dangtu: 4 lines of regular script (undated); followed by one seal: (?)-xing zhuili bantianxia (square, intaglio)
4. Zeng Ao of Jiangsi, Nancheng, Jinshi 1781: 4 lines of xingshu, on separate piece of paper from first three (dated 1794); followed by one seal: Bingu (tall, rectangle, relief)
Title frontsipiece mounted before painting: Huang Yue (1750–1841). a painter and seal-carver from Anhwei, Dangtuxian; four large characters in semicursive script:
"Bijing moshen [Excellent brushwork and wonderful ink]".
Followed by two seals: 1. Huang shi Zuotian Yizhai yin (tall, rectangle, intaglio); 2. Hanlin Xueshi (square, relief). Niether seal in Wang & Contag or Palace Museum Seals and Signatures.
Label written on outer cover by unidentified collector (probably 20th c.): "Ming Li Yizheng's handscroll painting after Ma Yuan's 'Layered Peaks and Mountains'".
Marking: Collectors' seals on painting:
1. Wu Rongguang (1773–1843) Guangdun, Nanhaixian painter, calligrapher and collector: Wu Borong shi Biji zhiyin (tall, rectangular, relief).
2. Unidentified (may be Yuan Mei (1716–1797): Jianzhai (square, intaglio)