Jambhala, God of Riches
late Anuradhapura period (993–1235)
Sri Lanka (Anuradhapura)
H. 3 11/16 in. (9.3 cm); W. 2 3/4 in. (7 cm); D. 2 3/8 in. (6 cm)
Gift of Barry Fernando, M.D. and Coleene Fernando, M.D., 2010
In Mahayana Buddhism, Jambhalai s the god of riches and the guardian of the northern direction. He is the Buddhist equivalent of Kubera, the ancient nature spirit (yaksha) absorbed in early Hinduism as the protector of jewels and other treasures. Jambhala serves as the chief of the yaksha; his secondary role as a directional guardian (dikpaka) was probably assumed later.
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