[Gustav Friedrich] Waagen. Galleries and Cabinets of Art in Great Britain. London, 1857, p. 388, lists two Zurbarán saints in Lord Heytesbury's collection, "whole-length, life-size, with landscape background".
August L. Mayer. "Unbekannte Werke Zurbarans." Zeitschrift für bildende Kunst 61 (1927–28), pp. 289–90, ill., publishes this picture and a Saint Jerome, formerly in Lord Heytesbury's collection, and dates them 1635–40; observes that they appear originally to have been part of a larger cycle, and notes that a weaker version of the Saint Benedict is in the Church of the Capuchins, Castellón de la Plana.
Tancred Borenius. "Spanish Masters at Tomas Harris's." Burlington Magazine 59 (July 1931), p. 34, pl. B, as an unidentified saint by Zurbarán; states incorrectly that it passed from the collection of Louis Philippe to the Heytesbury collection.
Martin Soria. "Francisco de Zurbarán: A Study of His Style II." Gazette des beaux-arts, 6th ser., 25 (March 1944), p. 166, notes that of Zurbarán's series of Ten Founders of Religious Orders from the 1640's, only St. Jerome and St. Benedict remain; observes that the complete series is preserved in copies in the Capuchin monastery at Castellón de la Plana.
Paul Guinard. "Los conjuntos dispersos o desaparecidos de Zurbarán: Anotaciones a Ceán Bermúdez (III)." Archivo español de arte 22 (January–March 1949), pp. 33–34, pl. 14, suggests that the cycle may have included more than ten portraits of monastic founders.
Martin S. Soria. The Paintings of Zurbarán. London, 1953, pp. 179–80, no. 187, fig. 132, dates it 1640–45; observes that the small figure of Benedict in the background holds a crozier as a symbol of his bishopric.
Juan Antonio Gaya Nuño. La pintura española fuera de España. Madrid, 1958, p. 344, no. 3108, dates the series about 1640–45.
Paul Guinard. Zurbarán et les peintres espagnols de la vie monastique. Paris, 1960, p. 271, no. 521, pl. 74, dates the series to 1640–50; notes that the landscape derives from Sadeler's engravings; cites a copy of our painting in the Museo Provincial de Bellas Artes, Málaga.
Ramón Torres Martín. Zurbarán: El pintor gótico del siglo XVII. Seville, 1963, no. 235, ill.
Tiziana Frati. L'opera completa di Zurbarán. Milan, 1973, pp. 110–11, no. 337, ill.
, dates it 1640 or shortly thereafter.
José Gudiol in Julián Gállego and José Gudiol. Zurbarán, 1598–1664. New York, 1977, p. 105, no. 327, fig. 323, catalogue it with works probably painted between 1641 and May 1658.
Marcus B. Burke in Spain and New Spain: Mexican Colonial Arts in their European Context. Exh. cat., Art Museum of South Texas. Corpus Christi, Tex., 1979, pp. 64–65, no. 2, ill., dates it 1640–45; states there were three autograph series of monastic founders, one of which was sent to Lima and a second to Mexico.
Marcus B. Burke. Pintura y escultura en Nueva España: El barroco. Mexico, 1992, p. 42, ill. (color).
María Luisa Caturla. Francisco de Zurbarán. Paris, 1994, pp. 127, 168 n. 9, ill. p. 129, includes it with works painted 1635–40.
Benito Navarrete Prieto et. al. Zurbarán y su obrador. Exh. cat., Museo de Bellas Artes de Valencia. Valencia, 1998, pp. 42–45, ill. pp. 47–48, 92–95, ill., states that our painting is the best of the three versions.
Peter Cherry. Arte y naturaleza: El bodegón español en el Siglo de Oro. Aranjuez, 1999, p. 253, states that the jug in our painting is a simpler version of one from Zurbarán's two paintings with four small vases (Prado and Museu d'Art de Catalunya, Barcelona).
Gudrun Maurer. Spanish Paintings. Stockholm, 2001, p. 152, ill.