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Twelve-light candelabrum

Matthew Boulton (British, Birmingham 1728–1809 Birmingham)

Maker:
sockets by Robert Garrard I (active 1780–1818)
Maker:
sockets by John S. Hunt (entered 1844)
Date:
1805/6
Culture:
British, Birmingham
Medium:
Silver
Dimensions:
H. 45 1/2 x W. with arms 25 1/2 in. (115.6 x 64.8 cm)
Classification:
Metalwork-Silver
Credit Line:
Bequest of Rupert L. Joseph, 1959
Accession Number:
60.55.9a–ee
  • Description

    Matthew Boulton, one of the fathers of the industrial revolution, established a manufactory in Birmingham to produce silver, ormolu, plate, coins, medals. He also entered into partnership with James Watt, to produce the first commercial engine steams. This massive candelabra is based on a Roman triumphal column in Alexandria known as the column of Pompey. It bears the arms of Ernest Augustus, Duke of Cumberland, who became the colonel of the 15th Light Dragoons in 1802, which probably commissioned this candelabra as a gift.

  • Signatures, Inscriptions, and Markings

    Inscription: Monogram: (on finial; on sockets s-y) E D C with prince's coronet above

    Inscribed (around base, in Greek) AIOKAHTIANON. TON. METICTON / MO..OC. EMAPXOC. AITYHTOY / TON...P..TATON. AYTOKPATOPA, TON. MOAIOYXON. AAEEANAPEIAC
    (trans: Pos(eidi)os, Governor of Egypt, (set up this statue of) Diocletian the most (holy) Emperor, the protector of Alexandria, the most great.)

    (On front and back of base) GIR within garter with royal crown: above: 15th or King's / Hussars: below, on ribbon: EMSDORF (this was therefore probably put on between the date of George V's accession to the throne and 1922.)

    Marking: Marks (on candelabrum):
    [1] Lion passant;
    [2] anchor ("mark of the Company" for Birmingham);
    [3] h, small Roman letter (Birmingham date letter for 1805–6);
    [4] King's head;
    [5] M B (maker's mark for Matthew Boulton);

    Location of marks:
    [1]-[5] on base; on finial; on square section of end of arms (f) and (h); on socket (s) (mark [3] faint, mark [5] semi-struck);
    [1]-[4] on sockets (t-v) (one illegible mark on (t), possibly mark [5]);
    [1],[3]-[5] on square section end of arm (d);
    [3],[5] on square section end of arm (j) (also two illegible marks);

    Marks (on sockets):
    [6] Leopard's head;
    [7] small black letter c (London date letter for 1858–59);
    [8] small black letter r (London date letter for 1872–73);
    [9] Lion passant;
    [10] Queen's head;
    [11] I S H crowned (maker's mark for John S. Hunt, ent. 1844);
    [12] R G crowned (maker's mark for Robert Garrard, ent. 1821);

    Location of marks:
    [6],[7],[9]-[11] on sockets (z), (aa-cc);
    [6],[8],[9],[10],[12] on socket (dd)

  • Provenance

    The Fifteenth Regiment (King's Regiment of Hussars), Great Britain ; Ernest Augustus I, King of Hanover, Duke of Cumberland ; Mr. Rupert L. Joseph (until 1959; bequeathed to MMA)

  • See also
202395

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