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The Usefulness of Magnificence: Silver and the English Court

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Clock

Designer of case and enamel: Lucien Falize (French, Paris 1839–1897 Paris)

Maker:
Clockmaker: Firm of Le Roy et Fils (1828–1898)
Maker:
Maker of case: Bapst and Falize
Artist:
Léon Chédeville (died 1883)
Date:
1881
Culture:
French, Paris
Medium:
Silver, gold, semi-precious stones, amethysts, enamel, diamonds
Dimensions:
H. 17-3/4 in. (45.1 cm.)
Classification:
Horology
Credit Line:
Purchase, Mrs. Charles Wrightsman Gift, 1991
Accession Number:
1991.113a–f
  • Signatures, Inscriptions, and Markings

    Signature: [1] L. FALIZE./INV.&./EXECVT/Paris/1881 (on lapis panel to right of plinth with initials JR)
    [2] L. Chedeville sculp. (on molding below enamel depicting Law, on front)
    [3] LE ROY ET FILS/Horologers/fournisseurs brevetés/de S.M. la Reine/à Londres; Retard: Avance; Quantième (engraved on brass plate)

    Inscription: On front (below single dial):
    [1] in panels, in gold: ECCLESIA (left); ORATIO (right)
    [2] on plinth: LA flanking porcupine; motto COMINUS ET EMINUS
    [3] engraved on lapis panels flanking plinth: Abizal/1442 (left); Paris 1515 (right)

    On right:
    [1] in panels, in gold: SAPIENTIA (top); LIBERATIO (left); INVESTIGATO (right)
    [2] on plinth: HR flanking a portcullis, motto ALTERA SECURITAS
    [3] engraved on lapis panels flanking plinth: Greenwich/1491 (left), Londres 1547 (right)

    On back:
    [1] upper dial, enameled: LUNDI/MARDI/MERCREDI/JEVDI/VENDREDI/SAMEDI/DIMANCHE
    [2] left dial, enameled: JANV.FEVR.MAR/JVIN.MAI.AVR/SEPT.AOVT.JVILL/OCT.NOV.DEC
    [3] right dial, enameled: 2•4•6•8•10•12•14•16•18•20•22•24•26•28•30•31-1
    [4] engraved on banderoles in gold frame: HERI (left), HODIE (right),; CRAS (below)
    [5] engraved on silver frame of rock crystal cover: Vulnerant onmes ultima necat
    [6] in enamel panels in gold: LABOR (left); LEX (right)
    [7] on plinth: AM flanking a grasshopper, motto PRAETIO PRUDENTIA PRAESTET
    [8] engraved on lapis panels flanking plinth: L.FALIZE/INV.&/EXECVT (left); 1513 Rome (right)

    On left:
    [1] in panels in gold: FIDES (top), CARITAS (left), SPES (right)
    [2] on plinth: JR flanking a papal tiara, motto POST TENEBRAS LUX
    [3] engraved on lapis panels flanking plinth: Blois/1462 (left); Paris 1881 (right)

    Various code marks and numbers appear. On Justice: 11 scratched inside edge of drapery on back, 1 on silver fitment; on Fortitude: 111 scratched inside front, 3 on silver; on Prudence: 1111 scratched inside front, 2 11 on silver; on Temperance: 1111 inside drapery, 4 on silver. On the reverse of the rim of the pierced-work plaque framing the three dials are indented circles: . .. ...

    Marking: [1] BF flanking ring with rose-cut diamond, pendent pearl (firm mark of Bapst and Falize)
    [2] EN in an oval (see image)
    [3] London import mark for foreign work, 1906
    [4] 925 in oval
    [5] D in rectangle with canted corners
    [6] stamped on key: FRANCE; 12

    Location of marks:
    1: enameled in center of upper dial on back
    2-5: inside rim near foot of bottom section
    3,4: also on silver rim of rock crystal cover on back and on silver shaft of figure of Truth
    4: on silver bar fitted inside bottom of each gold figure

  • Provenance

    Alfred Morrison ; J. G. Morrison (until 1938; sale, Christie's, London, December 8, 1938, lot 30; sold for £65-2-0 to J. Cortez); J. Cortez (1938–before 1955) ; Antique Dome, Inc. (by 1955; sale, Parke-Bernet Galleries, New York, October 8, 1955, lot 342; sold for $5,000); Harry J. Reicher (before 1992; sale, Sotheby's New York, April 19, 1992, lot 233, property formerly collection Harry J. Reicher)

  • See also
    Who
    What
    Where
    When
    In the Museum
    Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History
    MetPublications
207968

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