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Game table

David Roentgen (German, Herrnhag 1743–1807 Wiesbaden, master 1780)

Date:
ca. 1780–83
Culture:
German, Neuwied am Rhine
Medium:
Oak and walnut, veneered with mahogany, maple, holly (the last two partially stained); iron, steel, brass, gilt bronze; felt and partially tooled and gilded leather
Dimensions:
Overall: H. 30 13/16 x W. 38 11/16 x D. 19 1/2 in. (78.3 x 98.3 x 49.5 cm); Overall depth, when opened: 38 9/16 in. (97.9 cm)
Classification:
Woodwork-Furniture
Credit Line:
Pfeiffer Fund, 2007
Accession Number:
2007.42.1a–e, .2a–o, aa–nn
  • Description

    Elegant furniture incorporating intriguing mechanical devices was a trademark of the Roentgen workshop, which from 1768 until about 1793 was one of Europe's most successful cabinetmaking enterprises. The distinguished design and the innovative way prefabricated elements such as the detachable legs were assembled make this table an example par excellence of David Roentgen's ingenious creations. His objects are an amalgamation of superior technical skills, sophisticated looks, high quality materials, and multiple functions. Roentgen's patrons sought adaptable furnishings that could perform manifold tasks. This piece is a console, a desk for writing and reading, and a game table for cards and chess with a concealed spring-driven backgammon box. Yet when closed it took up only a small amount of space in the intimate interiors popular during the Age of Enlightenment. A set of eighteenth-century game pieces - twenty-nine stamped wooden medallions illustrating European monarchs and historical views - are associated with the table.

    The Museum has a small but fine group of earlier pieces by Roentgen, but until now lacked an example from the Neoclassical period of 1780-90, when his furniture designs were characterized by restrained architectural outlines and the juxtaposition of finely grained exotic mahogany with polished brass mounts.

  • Signatures, Inscriptions, and Markings

    Marking: MACRET (stamped on underside)

  • Provenance

    Private Collection, Switzerland ; [ sale, Sotheby's, Zürich , December 7, 1994, no. 257 ] ; Private Collection, Germany (until 2006) ; [ Vera Roeser ; sold to MMA ]

  • See also
    Who
    What
    Where
    When
    In the Museum
    Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History
    MetPublications
232203:16

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