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Terracotta neck-amphora (jar)

Attributed to the Niobid Painter

Period:
Classical
Date:
ca. 460–450 B.C.
Culture:
Greek, Attic
Medium:
Terracotta; red-figure
Dimensions:
H. 18 1/2 in. (47 cm) diameter 9 3/8 in. (23.8 cm)
Classification:
Vases
Credit Line:
Purchase by subscription, 1899
Accession Number:
99.13.2
  • Description

    Obverse, Dionysos and maenads
    Reverse, king and two women

    The Niobid Painter takes advantage of the large shape to depict solemn, imposing offering scenes. On the obverse, Dionysos, god of wine, stands at an altar with a kantharos (drinking cup with high handles) as the maenad opposite him holds an oinochoe (jug); interestingly, the vase is glazed black to be more visible. On the reverse, a man whose status is indicated by his scepter and fillet holds a phiale (libation bowl) that is being filled by a woman pouring from an oinochoe.

  • Provenance

    Found at Capua in 1868 in the so-called Brygos Tomb

  • References

    Richter, Gisela M. A. and Marjorie J. Milne. 1935. Shapes and Names of Athenian Vases. New York: Plantin Press, pp. 3-4, fig. 21.

    Richter, Gisela M. A. 1953. Handbook of the Greek Collection. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, p. 85.

    Beazley, John D. 1963[1942]. Attic Red-Figure Vase-Painters, Vols. 1 and 2, 2nd edn. Oxford: Clarendon Press, p. 605, no. 61.

    Johnson, Hugh. 1985. "A Gift of the Gods." Wine: Celebration and Ceremony, Hugh Johnson, ed. New York: Smithsonian Institution, p. 13.

    Kaltsas, Nikolaos and H. Alan Shapiro. 2008. Worshiping Women: Ritual and Reality in Classical Athens New York: The Alexander S. Onassis Public Benefit Foundation (USA), Inc, no. 128, pp. 280-81.

  • See also
    Who
    What
    Where
    When
    In the Museum
    Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History
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