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Terracotta hydria (water jar)

Attributed to the Group of B.M. F 308

Period:
Late Classical
Date:
ca. 340–330 B.C.
Culture:
Greek, South Italian, Apulian
Medium:
Terracotta; red-figure
Dimensions:
H. 29 3/4 in. (75.6 cm) diameter 17 3/4 in. (45.1 cm)
Classification:
Vases
Credit Line:
Gift of Miss Matilda W. Bruce, 1907
Accession Number:
07.128.1
  • Description

    The abduction of Persephone by Hades surrounded by gods

    The myth of the abduction of Persephone was situated in Sicily. Hades’ chariot occupies the most prominent area of the vase. All around appear deities connected with the event—Zeus, Hades’ brother, whose sanction was needed; Aphrodite and Eros, abettors of Hades’ desire; Demeter, Persephone’s mother; torch-bearing Hecate; and Athena. The vegetation in the scene and the choice of a water jar as the shape emphasize the aspect of fertility in the story. Mythological subjects such as this commonly decorated funerary vases.

  • References

    Richter, Gisela M. A. 1953. Handbook of the Greek Collection. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, pp. 117, 256, pl. 96f.

    Schauenburg, Konrad. 1958. "Die Totengötter in der unteritalischen Vasenmalerei." Jahrbuch des Deutschen Archäologischen Instituts, 73: pp. 58-59, 61, n. 66.

    von Bothmer, Dietrich. 1964. Guide to the Collections: Greek and Roman Art. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, p. 24, fig. 32.

    Metzger, Henri. 1966. "L'imagerie de grande Grèce et les textes littéraires à l'époque classique." Convegno internazionale di studi sulla Magna Brecia, 6: pp. 176-77.

    Trendall, Arthur Dale and Alexander Cambitoglou. 1978. The Red-Figured Vases of Apulia, Vol. 1. Oxford: Clarendon Press, no. 66, p. 427.

    von Bothmer, Dietrich. 1978. Antichnoe iskusstvo iz muzeia Metropoliten, Soedinennye Shtaty Ameriki: Katalog vystavki. Moscow: Sovetskii Khudozhnik, no. 88.

    Brommer, Frank. 1980. Göttersagen in Vasenlisten. Marburg: N.G. Elwert, p. 30.

    Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneleise, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1981–1999. Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vols. 1-8. Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen.

    Trendall, Arthur Dale. 1981. "A Campanian Lekanis in Lugano." Numismatica e antichità classiche, 10: p. 182, pl. 13.11.

    Lindner, Ruth. 1984. Der Raub der Persephone in der antiken Kunst. Würzburg: K. Triltsch, no. 14, p. 21, pl. 10.

    Schauenburg, Konrad. 1984. "Unterweltsbilder aus Grossgrichenland." Römische Mitteilungen, 9(1): pp, 259, 371, ns. 2, 97.

    Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneleise, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1984. Aphrodisias-Athena, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vol. 2. Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen, Aphrodite, no. 1380.

    Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneleise, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1986. Atherion-Eros, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vol. 3. Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen, Demeter, no. 316.

    Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneleise, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1988. Eros-Herakles, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vol. 4. Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen, Hades, no. 115; Hekate, no. 5.

    Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneleise, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1994. Oidipous-Theseus, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vol. 7. Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen, Persephone, no. 190.

    Foley, Helene, Lesley A. Beaumont, and H. Alan Shapiro. 2003. "Mothers and Daughters." Coming of Age in Ancient Greece: Images of Childhood from the Classical Past, Jenifer Neils, John H. Oakley, and Katherine Hart, eds. New Haven: Hood Museum of Art, Dartmouth College, p. 124, fig. 11.

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