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Terracotta volute-krater (bowl for mixing wine and water)

Attributed to the Painter of Woolly Satyrs (namepiece)

Period:
Classical
Date:
ca. 450 B.C.
Culture:
Greek, Attic
Medium:
Terracotta; red-figure
Dimensions:
H. 25 in. (63.5 cm)
Classification:
Vases
Credit Line:
Rogers Fund, 1907
Accession Number:
07.286.84
  • Description

    On the neck, obverse, battle of centaurs and Lapiths; reverse, youths and women
    Around the body, Amazonomachy (battle between Greeks and Amazons)

    The ancient Greeks almost never depicted contemporary or historical events in art. Thus, while literary works of the fifth century B.C. make clear that the Greeks understood the magnitude of their victory in the Persian Wars, there was no concern among artists to illustrate major events or personalities. Instead, their preference was for grand mythological battles between Greeks and eastern adversaries, notably Amazons. The Amazons were a mythical race of warrior women whose homeland lay far to the east and north. The most celebrated Amazonomachies in Athens during the first half of the fifth century were large-scale wall paintings that decorated the Theseion and the Stoa Poikile (the Painted Portico). Their influence was considerable and underlies the representation here and on the adjacent krater, 06.286.86.

  • References

    Richter, Gisela M. A. 1917. Handbook of the Classical Collection. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, p. 107, fig. 66.

    Richter, Gisela M. A., Marjorie J. Milne, and The Metropolitan Museum of Art. 1922. Shapes of Greek Vases. New York.

    Richter, Gisela M. A. 1927. Handbook of the Classical Collection. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, pp. 138, 140, fig. 95.

    Richter, Gisela M. A. 1930. Handbook of the Classical Collection. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, pp. 138, 140, fig. 95.

    Richter, Gisela M. A. and Marjorie J. Milne. 1935. Shapes and Names of Athenian Vases. New York: Plantin Press, p. 7, figs. 51-52.

    Richter, Gisela M. A. 1944. Greek Painting: The Development of Pictoral Representation from Archaic to Graeco-Roman Times. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

    Richter, Gisela M. A. 1946. Attic Red-Figured Vases: A Survey. New Haven: Yale University Press, p. 102, fig. 74.

    Richter, Gisela M. A. 1950. The Sculpture and Sculptors of the Greeks, 3rd edn. New Haven: Yale University Press, pp. 170, 512, fig. 483.

    Metzger, Henri. 1951. Les représentations dans la céramique attique du IVe siècle. Paris: E. de Boccard, no. 25, pp. 124-30, 138.

    Richter, Gisela M. A. 1953. Handbook of the Greek Collection. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, pp. 86, 227, pl. 67a.

    Bandinelli, Ranuccio Bianchi. 1958. Enciclopedia dell'Arte Antica, Classica e Orientale, Vol. 1. Rome: Instituto della Enciclopedia Italiana, pp. 307, 901, figs. 440, 1133.

    Bandinelli, Ranuccio Bianchi. 1958. Enciclopedia dell'Arte Antica, Classica e Orientale, Vol. 4. Rome: Instituto della Enciclopedia Italiana, p. 1125, fig. 1332.

    Richter, Gisela M. A. 1958[1946]. Attic Red-Figured Vases: A Survey, Revised Edition, 2nd edn. New Haven: Yale University Press, p. 102, fig. 74.

    Beazley, John D. 1963[1942]. Attic Red-Figure Vase-Painters, Vols. 1 and 2, 2nd edn. Oxford: Clarendon Press, pp. 613, 1662, no. 1, Add. 1, pp. 613-14.

    Bandinelli, Ranuccio Bianchi. 1966. Enciclopedia dell'Arte Antica, Classica e Orientale, Vol. 7. Rome: Instituto della Enciclopedia Italiana, p. 74, fig. 106.

    Richter, Gisela M. A. 1970. Perspective in Greek and Roman Art. New York and London: Phaidon Press, p. 23, n. 3, fig. 88.

    von Bothmer, Dietrich. 1972. Greek Vase Painting: An Introduction. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

    Robertson, Martin and Cambridge University Press. 1975. A History of Greek Art, Vols. 1 and 2. Cambridge, England, pp. 124, 259, 281, pls. 87a-b, 88a.

    von Bothmer, Dietrich. 1975. The Metropolitan Museum of Art: Notable Acquisitions, 1965-1975, : no. 24, pp. 7, 56-57, 68.

    Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneleise, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1981–1999. Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vols. 1-8. Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen.

    Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneleise, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1981. Aara-Aphlad, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vol. 1. Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen, Amazones, no. 295.

    Boardman, John. 1989. Athenian Red Figure Vases: The Classical Period, a Handbook. London: Thames and Hudson, London, fig. 12.

    Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneleise, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1992. Kentauroi-Oiax, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vol. 6. Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen, Kentauroi et Kentaurides, no. 192.

    Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneleise, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1994. Oidipous-Theseus, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vol. 7. Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen, Theseus, no. 267.

    1994. Metropolitan Museum of Art Guide: Works of Art Selected by Philippe De Montebello. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

    Hornblower, Simon and Antony Spawforth. 1998. The Oxford Companion to Classical Civilization. Oxford: Oxford University Press, p. 31.

    Picón, Carlos A. 2007. Art of the Classical World in the Metropolitan Museum of Art: Greece, Cyprus, Etruria, Rome New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, no. 127, pp. 116, 450.

    Metropolitan Museum of Art. 2012. The Metropolitan Museum of Art Guide. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, p. 70.

  • See also
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    In the Museum
    Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History
    MetPublications
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