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Terracotta pelike (wine jar)

Attributed to the Pasithea Painter

Period:
Late Classical
Date:
ca. 400–375 B.C.
Culture:
Greek, Attic
Medium:
Terracotta; red-figure
Dimensions:
H.: 9 3/4 x 8 1/4 in. (24.8 x 21 cm)
Classification:
Vases
Credit Line:
Rogers Fund, 1908
Accession Number:
08.258.20
  • Description

    Obverse, Herakles in the garden of the Hesperides with Okeanos, the personification of the ocean, and two Hesperids. Three names are inscribed: Herakles, Okeanos, Pasithea
    Reverse, two youths and a boy

    One of the labors of the hero Herakles was to go to the island of the Hesperides beyond the ocean that circled the world and to bring back golden apples guarded by a serpent and a group of immortal women known as Hesperids. A number of vases of the fifth century B.C. show Herakles relaxing with the beautiful Hesperids, who have quieted the serpent and picked the apples for him. Here the seated Hesperid raises her veil in a gesture associated with brides.

  • Signatures, Inscriptions, and Markings

    Inscription: The names are inscribed: Okeanos, Herakles, Pasithea.

  • References

    Richter, Gisela M. A. 1953. Handbook of the Greek Collection. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, pp. 115, 254, pl. 94d.

    Beazley, John D. 1963[1942]. Attic Red-Figure Vase-Painters, Vols. 1 and 2, 2nd edn. Oxford: Clarendon Press, p. 1472, no. 1 bottom.

    Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneleise, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1981–1999. Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vols. 1-8. Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen.

    Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneleise, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1988. Eros-Herakles, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vol. 4. Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen, Fluvii, no. 23; Herakles, no. 2720.

    Boardman, John. 1989. Athenian Red Figure Vases: The Classical Period, a Handbook. London: Thames and Hudson, London, fig. 378.

    Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneleise, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1990. Herakles-Kenchrias, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vol. 5. Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen, Hesperides, no. 29.

    Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneleise, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1992. Kentauroi-Oiax, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vol. 6. Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen, Ladon I, no. 2.

    Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneleise, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1994. Oidipous-Theseus, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vol. 7. Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen, Okeanos, no. 5.

  • See also
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    In the Museum
    Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History
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