Quantcast

Terracotta calyx-krater (bowl for mixing wine and water)

Attributed to the Nekyia Painter

Period:
Classical
Date:
ca. 450–440 B.C.
Culture:
Greek, Attic
Medium:
Terracotta; red-figure
Dimensions:
H. 15 5/8 in. (39.7 cm) diameter 16 3/4 in. (42.5 cm)
Classification:
Vases
Credit Line:
Rogers Fund, 1908
Accession Number:
08.258.21
  • Description

    Above, obverse and reverse, Herakles, Theseus, and Perithoos in Hades
    Below, obverse, Apollo and Tityos; reverse, Zeus and giant

    This important vase illustrates one of the stories that would have been sung or recited. To atone for having killed his wife and children in a fit of madness, Herakles entered the service of King Eurystheus of Tiryns, who imposed twelve tasks on him. The most difficult was to fetch Kerberos, the watchdog of the underworld. In the upper zone, Herakles with his guide, Hermes, stands beside Theseus and Perithoos, who were punished for attempting to carry off Persephone. Hades, the king of the underworld, is shown behind Perithoos. Around the circumference of the vase appear other heroes known chiefly from the Iliad and the Odyssey, each with his name inscribed. The two scenes in the lower zone depict further mythological punishments.

  • Signatures, Inscriptions, and Markings

    Inscription: The names of the figures are inscribed.

  • References

    Jacobsthal, Paul. 1934–1936. "The Nekyia Krater in New York." Metropolitan Museum Studies, 5: pp. 117-32, figs. 6-10.

    Richter, Gisela M. A. and Marjorie J. Milne. 1935. Shapes and Names of Athenian Vases. New York: Plantin Press, pp. 7-8, figs. 57-58.

    Richter, Gisela M. A. 1944. Greek Painting: The Development of Pictoral Representation from Archaic to Graeco-Roman Times. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

    Richter, Gisela M. A. 1950. The Sculpture and Sculptors of the Greeks, 3rd edn. New Haven: Yale University Press, pp. 69, 393, fig. 130.

    Richter, Gisela M. A. 1953. Handbook of the Greek Collection. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, pp. 100, 242, pl. 82b.

    Bandinelli, Ranuccio Bianchi. 1958. Enciclopedia dell'Arte Antica, Classica e Orientale, Vol. 5. Rome: Instituto della Enciclopedia Italiana, p. 403, fig. 529.

    Beazley, John D. 1963[1942]. Attic Red-Figure Vase-Painters, Vols. 1 and 2, 2nd edn. Oxford: Clarendon Press, p. 1086, no. 1 bottom.

    Robertson, Martin and Cambridge University Press. 1975. A History of Greek Art, Vols. 1 and 2. Cambridge, England, p. 664 n. 200.

    Felten, Wassiliki. 1975. Attische Unterweltsdarstellungen des VI. und V. Jh. v. Chr.. Munich: W. Fink, pp. 83-84, fig. 27.

    Smith, H.R.W. 1976. Funerary Symbolism in Apulian Vase-Painting. Berkeley: University of California Press, pp. 45, 46, fig. 10.

    Vermeule, Emily T. 1979. Aspects of Death in Early Greek Art and Poetry. Berkeley: University of California Press, p. 15, fig. 8b.

    Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneleise, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1981–1999. Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vols. 1-8. Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen.

    Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneleise, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1981. Aara-Aphlad, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vol. 1. Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen, Aias I, no. 144.

    Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneleise, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1984. Aphrodisias-Athena, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vol. 2. Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen, Apollon, no. 1072; Artemis, no. 1367.

    Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneleise, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1986. Atherion-Eros, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vol. 3. Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen, Elpenor, no. 7.

    Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneleise, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1988. Eros-Herakles, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vol. 4. Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen, Hades, no. 151; Herakles, no. 3516.

    Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneleise, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1990. Herakles-Kenchrias, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vol. 5. Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen, Hermes, nos. 588, 836; Gigantes, no. 336.

    Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneleise, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1992. Kentauroi-Oiax, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vol. 6. Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen, Meleagros, no. 44; Nekyia, no. 13; Leto, no. 37.

    Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneleise, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1994. Oidipous-Theseus, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vol. 7. Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen, Palamedes, no. 7; Peirithoos, no. 73; Persephone, no. 294; Theseus, no. 295.

    Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneleise, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1997. Thespiades-Zodiacus, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vol. 8. Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen, Tityos, no. 7; Typhon, no. 26.

    Pautasso, Antonella. 2002. "Agrai, Artemide ed il 'Tempio dell'ilisso'. Un problema da riconsiderare." Atti della Accademia nazionale dei Lincei. Rendiconti Classe di scienze morali storiche e filologiche, 13(4): fig. 15.

    Palagia, Olga. 2005. "Interpretation of Two Athenian Friezes: The Temple on the Ilissos and the Temple of Athena Nike." Periklean Athens and Its Legacy: Problems and Perspectives, : p. 181, fig. 15.12.

    Palagia, Olga. 2009. "Archaism and the Quest for Immortality in Attic Sculpture During the Peolponnesian War." Art in Athens During the Peloponnesian War, Olga Palagia, ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 35, 49, n. 46.

  • See also
    Who
    What
    Where
    When
    In the Museum
    Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History
    MetPublications
248093

Close