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Historic Images of the Greek Bronze Age: The Reproductions of E. Gilliéron and Son

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Terracotta bell-krater (bowl for mixing wine and water)

Period:
Classical
Date:
ca. 440–430 B.C.
Culture:
Greek, Attic
Medium:
Terracotta; red-figure
Dimensions:
H. as restored 11 1/4 in. (28.7 cm)
Classification:
Vases
Credit Line:
Rogers Fund, 1912
Accession Number:
12.229.14a, b, f, g, i, j, k
  • Description

    Obverse, Athena, Athanasia, the wounded Tydeus with the head of Melanippos
    Reverse, satyr

    The obverse depicts a remarkable, and key, episode in the myth of the Seven against Thebes. Eteokles and Polyneices, sons of Oedipus, join a force to regain control of their city, Thebes. Tydeus, an ally, was morally wounded by Melanippos, a Theban. Athena had intended to heal and confer immortality on Tydeus. As she approached, she saw Tydeus gnawing the head of Melanippos, and revolted by his action, she departed, taking Athanasia with her. The krater shows the failing Tydeus with Melanippos' head at his feet and Athena drawing away Athanasia, who raises her hands in horror.

  • References

    Richter, Gisela M. A. 1946. Attic Red-Figured Vases: A Survey. New Haven: Yale University Press, p. 131, fig. 100.

    Richter, Gisela M. A. 1953. Handbook of the Greek Collection. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, p. 101.

    Richter, Gisela M. A. 1958[1946]. Attic Red-Figured Vases: A Survey, Revised Edition, 2nd edn. New Haven: Yale University Press, p. 131, fig. 100.

    Robertson, Martin and Cambridge University Press. 1975. A History of Greek Art, Vols. 1 and 2. Cambridge, England, pp. 383, 686 n. 73.

    Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneleise, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1981–1999. Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vols. 1-8. Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen.

    Shapiro, Harvey Alan. 1993. Personifications in Greek Art: The Representation of Abstract Concepts, 600-400 B.C.. Zürich: Akanthus, fig. 3, 3.

    Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneleise, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1997. Thespiades-Zodiacus, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vol. 8. Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen, Tydeus, no. 17a.

  • See also
    What
    Where
    When
    In the Museum
    Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History
248683

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