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Historic Images of the Greek Bronze Age: The Reproductions of E. Gilliéron and Son

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Terracotta neck-amphora (jar)

Attributed to Exekias

Period:
Archaic
Date:
ca. 540 B.C.
Culture:
Greek, Attic
Medium:
Terracotta; black-figure
Dimensions:
H. 18 1/2 in. (47 cm) diameter 9 3/4 in. (24.8 cm)
Classification:
Vases
Credit Line:
Rogers Fund, 1917
Accession Number:
17.230.14a, b
  • Description

    On the body, obverse and reverse, man and woman in chariot accompanied by woman and kithara player
    On the shoulder, combat of foot soldiers and horsemen

    Black-figure was a cumbersome, restricted, and quite artificial technique. The vases in this room testify to the variety of effect and the forcefulness of expression that is nonetheless permitted. Probably the greatest single black-figure artist was Exekias, who was both potter and painter. Although the essential ingredients of this work are traditional, its particular character is evident in the robust shape, the extraordinary precision and vitality in the figures and ornament, and the perfect relation of the decorative elements to the body beneath.

  • Provenance

    Possibly between 1787-1790, acquired by Sir William Hamilton (British Envoy and Plenipotentiary at the court of Naples), Naples; from the late 1780's to 1801, possibly in the collection of Sir William Hamilton; 1801-1917, vase and lid probably in the possession of the Hope Family, at Deepdene, Surrey, England (1801-1831 with Thomas Hope; 1831-1862 with Henry Thomas Hope; 1862-1877 with Mrs. Henry Thomas Hope; from 1877 with Henrietta Adela Hope and the Sixth Duke of Newcastle; already in 1893 with Lord Henry Francis Hope, the second son of the Sixth Duke of Newcastle); vase acquired July 24, 1917, purchased at auction, Christie, Manson and Woods, London; lid acquired 1926, gift of J. D. Beazley, who purchased it July 24, 1917, at auction, Christie, Manson and Woods, London.

  • References

    Richter, Gisela M. A. 1927. Handbook of the Classical Collection. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, p. 87, fig. 54.

    Richter, Gisela M. A. 1930. Handbook of the Classical Collection. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, p. 87, fig. 54.

    Richter, Gisela M. A. and Marjorie J. Milne. 1935. Shapes and Names of Athenian Vases. New York: Plantin Press, pp. 3-4, fig. 15.

    Technau, Werner. 1936. Exekias: Bilder griechischer vasen, Vol. 9, John D. Beazley and Paul Jacobsthal, eds. Berlin: H. Keller, no. 17, pl. 4.

    Richter, Gisela M. A. 1950. The Sculpture and Sculptors of the Greeks, 3rd edn. New Haven: Yale University Press, pp. 95, 438, fig. 277.

    Metzger, Henri. 1951. Les représentations dans la céramique attique du IVe siècle. Paris: E. de Boccard, no. 11, pp. 24, 26, 70-7.

    Richter, Gisela M. A. 1953. Handbook of the Greek Collection. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, p. 198, pl. 38b.

    von Bothmer, Dietrich. 1975. The Metropolitan Museum of Art: Notable Acquisitions, 1965-1975, : no. 9, pp. 4, 24-25, 67.

    Thimme, Jürgen. 1976. Kunst und Kultur der Kykladeninseln im 3. Jahrtausend v. Chr.: Ausstellung unter d. Patronat des International Council of Museums ICOM im Karlsruher Schloss vom 25. Juni-10. Oktober 1976. Karlsruhe: Müller, no. 24, pp. 40-41 .

    Beazley, John D. 1978[1956]. Attic Black-Figure Vase-Painters. New York: Hacker Art Books, pp. 144, 686, no. 3, Add. 1, p. 144.

    von Bothmer, Dietrich. 1978. Antichnoe iskusstvo iz muzeia Metropoliten, Soedinennye Shtaty Ameriki: Katalog vystavki. Moscow: Sovetskii Khudozhnik, no. 32.

    Metropolitan Museum of Art. 1980. The Horses of San Marco: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, February 1-June 1, 1980, New York. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, no. 16, p. 4.

    Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneleise, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1981–1999. Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vols. 1-8. Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen.

    Martelli, Marina Cristofani. 1983. "Il 'Marte' di Ravenna." Xenia Antiqua, 6: p. 8, , 10 (left.

    Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneleise, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1988. Eros-Herakles, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vol. 4. Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen, Herakles, no. 2881.

  • See also
250551

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