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Marble pilaster capital

Period:
Early Imperial, Julio-Claudian
Date:
1st half of 1st century A.D.
Culture:
Roman
Medium:
Marble
Dimensions:
Overall: 21 x 28in. (53.3 x 71.1cm)
Classification:
Stone Sculpture
Credit Line:
Fletcher Fund, 1926
Accession Number:
26.60.84
  • Description

    The capital was once set against a wall, crowning a rectangular semi-detached pilaster. In Roman architecture three major orders of capitals were used—Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian. This pilaster capital is a fine example of the most elaborate, the Corinthian order. Three acanthus leaves rise from the base and two flowers on delicately carved stems curl upward between them. A classical molding with stylized lotus flowers over a band of bead and reel separates the lower part of the capital from the two volutes around which a leafy vine entwines. At the top, a single flower decorates the center of the straight abacus.

  • References

    The Art Gallery of Toronto. 1948. The Classical Contribution to Western Civilization: A Loan Exhibition Organized and Lent by the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, to the Art Gallery of Toronto. Toronto: Rous & Mann, p. 22.

    Thimme, Jürgen. 1976. Kunst und Kultur der Kykladeninseln im 3. Jahrtausend v. Chr.: Ausstellung unter d. Patronat des International Council of Museums ICOM im Karlsruher Schloss vom 25. Juni-10. Oktober 1976. Karlsruhe: Müller, no. 94, p. 124 .

  • See also
    What
    Where
    When
    In the Museum
    Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History
    MetPublications
252548

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