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Terracotta bell-krater (bowl for mixing wine and water)

Attributed to the Persephone Painter

Period:
Classical
Date:
ca. 440 B.C.
Culture:
Greek, Attic
Medium:
Terracotta; red-figure
Dimensions:
H. 16 1/8 in. (41 cm); diameter of mouth 17 7/8 in. (45.4 cm)
Classification:
Vases
Credit Line:
Fletcher Fund, 1928
Accession Number:
28.57.23
  • Description

    Obverse, the ascension of Persephone from the underworld
    Reverse, libation scene

    Persephone, the daughter of the goddess Demeter, was condemned to spend half of each year with Hades, the ruler of the underworld. In this grandiose representation, Persephone ascends to earth through a rocky outcrop. She is guided by Hermes, the divine messenger, and Hekate, a goddess of fertility, magic, and dark things who typically carries torches. At the far right stands the regal Demeter, waiting to receive her daughter and the renewal of life that her return engendered.

  • References

    Richter, Gisela M. A. 1931. "An Athenian Vase with the Return of Persephone." Bulletin of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 26 (10): pp. 245-48, figs. 1-3.

    Kourouniotis, K. 1933–1935. "Kores anodas." Archaiologikon Deltion, : p. 4, fig. 3.

    Richter, Gisela M. A. 1946. Attic Red-Figured Vases: A Survey. New Haven: Yale University Press, pp. 116, 123, figs. 33b, 33f,*.

    Richter, Gisela M. A. 1953. Handbook of the Greek Collection. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, p. 240, pl. 80c.

    Richter, Gisela M. A. 1958[1946]. Attic Red-Figured Vases: A Survey, Revised Edition, 2nd edn. New Haven: Yale University Press, pp. 116, 123, figs. 33b, 33f.

    Beazley, John D. 1963[1942]. Attic Red-Figure Vase-Painters, Vols. 1 and 2, 2nd edn. Oxford: Clarendon Press, p. 1012, no. 1.

    Peschlow-Bindokat, Anneliese. 1972. "Demeter und Persephone in der Attischen Kunst des 6. bus 4. Jahrhunderts." Jahrbuch des Deutschen Archäologischen Instituts, 87: p. 95, fig. 31.

    Robertson, Martin and Cambridge University Press. 1975. A History of Greek Art, Vols. 1 and 2. Cambridge, England, p. 408, pl. 106a.

    Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneleise, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1981–1999. Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vols. 1-8. Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen.

    Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneleise, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1986. Atherion-Eros, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vol. 3. Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen, Demeter, no. 328.

    Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneleise, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1988. Eros-Herakles, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vol. 4. Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen, Ge, p. 176; Hekate, no. 13.

    Boardman, John. 1989. Athenian Red Figure Vases: The Classical Period, a Handbook. London: Thames and Hudson, London, fig. 121.

    Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneleise, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1990. Herakles-Kenchrias, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vol. 5. Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen, Hermes, no. 637.

    Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneleise, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1994. Oidipous-Theseus, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vol. 7. Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen, Persephone, no. 250.

    Reeder, Ellen D., Sally Humphreys, Prof. Mary R. Lefkowitz, Francois Lissarrague, Prof. Margot Schmidt, Prof. H. Alan Shapiro, Christianne Sourvinou-Inwood, Prof. Andrew F. Stewart, Froma Zeitlin, Carol Benson, and Brunilde Sismondo Ridgway. 1995. "Women in Classical Greece." Pandora: Women in Classical Greece. Baltimore: Walters Art Gallery, pp. 289-91, fig. 85.

    Avagianou, Aphrodite. 2002. Latreies stēn 'periphereia' tou archaiou Hellēnikou kosmou. Athens: Ethniko Hidryma Ereunōn, p. 87, fig. 10.

    Foley, Helene, Lesley A. Beaumont, and H. Alan Shapiro. 2003. "Mothers and Daughters." Coming of Age in Ancient Greece: Images of Childhood from the Classical Past, Jenifer Neils, John H. Oakley, and Katherine Hart, eds. New Haven: Hood Museum of Art, Dartmouth College, p. 125, fig. 13.

    Picón, Carlos A. 2007. Art of the Classical World in the Metropolitan Museum of Art: Greece, Cyprus, Etruria, Rome New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, no. 124, pp. 114, 430.

    Mertens, Joan R. 2010. How to Read Greek Vases. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, no. 27, pp. 64, 136-139, 150, 154, 159, 170.

    Bowden, Hugh. 2010. Mystery Cults in the Ancient World. London: Thames and Hudson, London, p. 27, fig. 13.

    Marconi, Clemente. 2011. "L'identificazione della 'Dea' di Morgantina." Prospettiva, 141-142: pp. 10, 24, fig. 39.

  • See also
252973:4

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