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Terracotta amphora (jar)

Attributed to Group E

Period:
Archaic
Date:
ca. 540 B.C.
Culture:
Greek, Attic
Medium:
Terracotta; black-figure
Dimensions:
H. 16 7/8 in. (42.8 cm); diameter 11 5/16 in. (28.8 cm)
Classification:
Vases
Credit Line:
Rogers Fund, 1941
Accession Number:
41.162.143
  • Description

    Obverse, Ajax attempting to rape Cassandra at the statue of Athena
    Reverse, Theseus attacking the Minotaur

    A lost epic poem, the Iliu Persis, described the fall of Troy to the Greeks. Cassandra, a daughter of King Priam, tried to take refuge at a statue of Athena but was dragged away and raped by the Greek warrior Ajax. Here she kneels below Athena's shield, while Ajax appears to be challenging the goddess herself. The artist has shown the statue of Athena as it appeared on every Panathenaic prize amphora.

  • References

    Richter, Gisela M. A. 1953. Handbook of the Greek Collection. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, p. 198, pl. 38d.

    Beazley, John D. 1978[1956]. Attic Black-Figure Vase-Painters. New York: Hacker Art Books, p. 134, no. 25.

    Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneleise, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1981–1999. Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vols. 1-8. Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen.

    Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneleise, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1981. Aara-Aphlad, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vol. 1. Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen, Aias II, no. 19.

    Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneleise, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1990. Herakles-Kenchrias, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vol. 5. Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen, Kassandra I, no. 61.

  • See also
    Who
    What
    Where
    When
    In the Museum
    Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History
    MetPublications
254315

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