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Terracotta amphora (jar)

Signed by Andokides as potter

:
Attributed to the Andokides Painter for red-figure decoration
:
Attributed to the Lysippides Painter for black-figure decoration
Period:
Archaic
Date:
ca. 530 B.C.
Culture:
Greek, Attic
Medium:
Terracotta; red-figure/bilingual
Dimensions:
H. 22 5/8 in. (57.5 cm)
Classification:
Vases
Credit Line:
Purchase, Joseph Pulitzer Bequest, 1963
Accession Number:
63.11.6
  • Description

    On the body, obverse, Herakles and Apollo vying for possession of the Delphic tripod, which was central to the oracle of Apollo; reverse, Dionysos, the god of wine, between satyr and maenad
    On the lip, obverse and reverse, Herakles and the Nemean Lion

    The introduction of the red-figure technique is attributed to the workshop of Andokides. While we think of red-figure mainly in terms of drawing, it differs from black-figure also in the very different apportionment of glazed and unglazed surfaces on a vase. The preparation of these surfaces was probably the responsibility of the potter, and for this reason, the new technique is associated with a potter rather than a painter. On some works combining red-figure and black-figure, a single painter seems to have done both; here, however, two different artists are likely. The scene on the obverse depicts the hero Herakles with his club and the god Apollo with bow and arrows, struggling over the Delphic tripod, which Herakles sought to carry off.

  • Signatures, Inscriptions, and Markings

    Signature: Signed by Andokides as potter

  • References

    von Bothmer, Dietrich. 1972. Greek Vase Painting: An Introduction. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, no. 11, pp. 5, 28-29, 41, 67.

    Cohen, Beth. 1974. "Attic White-Ground Cups: A Special Class of Vases." Metropolitan Museum Journal, 9: p. 91.

    Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneleise, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1981–1999. Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vols. 1-8. Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen.

    Wehgartner, Irma. 1983. Attisch Weissgrundige Keramik: Maltechniken, Werkstätten, Formen, Verwendung. Mainz am Rhein: Verlag Philipp von Zabern, p. 6.

    Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneleise, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1988. Eros-Herakles, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vol. 4. Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen, Herakles, nos. 1861, 2985.

    1994. Metropolitan Museum of Art Guide: Works of Art Selected by Philippe De Montebello. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

    Cohen, Beth. 2006. "Bilingual Vases and Vase Painters." The Colors of Clay: Special Techniques in Athenian Vases, Beth Cohen, ed. Malibu: J. Paul Getty Trust, pp. 20, 25, n. 15.

    Picón, Carlos A. 2007. Art of the Classical World in the Metropolitan Museum of Art: Greece, Cyprus, Etruria, Rome New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, no. 94, pp. 89, 423.

  • See also
255154

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