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Nelson Rockefeller's 1969 Audio Guide Introduction

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Nose Ornament

Date:
5th–10th century
Geography:
Colombia
Culture:
Zenu or Sinu
Medium:
Gold
Dimensions:
H. 7/8 x W. 4 7/8 in. (2.2 x 12.4 cm)
Classification:
Metal-Ornaments
Credit Line:
The Michael C. Rockefeller Memorial Collection, Bequest of Nelson A. Rockefeller, 1979
Accession Number:
1979.206.541
  • Description

    Ancient gold work from Colombia varied in style, technology, and imagery. Nose ornaments especially were made in many shapes and styles over millennia. Forms and sizes are sometimes so extraordinary that they seem unwearable to the modern viewer. Depictions of human figures in ceramic and metal, however, show such nose ornaments being worn. Long, heavy ornaments with wide ends, such as these examples, are seen placed in the septum of the nose. The ornaments from the Sinú region in northwestern Colombia are often cast with delicate false filigree of braided and spiral elements, as here.

    According to postconquest, sixteenth-century records, Sinú gold objects came from a region called Gran Zenú. Located on the tropical lowlands of the Caribbean coast, Gran Zenú was composed of three provinces—Zenufana, Finzenú, and Panzenú—and stretched east from the Sinú River to the Nechí and Magdalena river areas. Recent archival research relates the gold works from this region to the Zenú, a people present at the time of the Spanish conquest in the sixteenth century. The descendants of the Zenú still live east of the lower Sinú River.

  • Provenance

    [John Wise Ltd., New York, until 1957]; Nelson A. Rockefeller, New York, 1957, on loan to the Museum of Primitive Art, New York, 1957–1978

  • See also
    What
    Where
    In the Museum
    Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History
312240

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