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The Garden of Love (left portion)

Workshop of Peter Paul Rubens (Flemish, Siegen 1577–1640 Antwerp)

Date:
ca. 1633–35
Medium:
Pen, brown ink, gray-green wash over traces of black chalk, touched with indigo, green, yellowish, and white paint on paper
Dimensions:
18 1/4 x 27 3/4 in. (46.3 x 70.5 cm) (including added strips at left and right)
Classification:
Drawings
Credit Line:
Fletcher Fund, 1958
Accession Number:
58.96.1
  • Signatures, Inscriptions, and Markings

    Inscription: Inscribed lower right: Petro Pauwlo Rubbens
    On back of mount: J C Robinson / July 18 1983 from Ld. Aylesford coll. (see Lugt suppl. 2141b)
    Lower center of mount in ink: 133

    Marking: Lower right collector's mark of Sir John Charles Robinson (Lugt 1433)
    On mount collector's stamp of Earl of Aylesford (Lugt 58)

  • Provenance

    Pierre Crozat (French, Toulouse 1665–1740 Paris)(Lugt 2951;165 with paraph); Louis Antoine Crozat, Baron de Thiers, Paris (French, 1699–1770)(other sheet, given to Mariette); Pierre Jean Mariette (French, Paris 1694–1774 Paris), his sale, Paris, November 15–January 30, 1775, lot 994both sheets, 979 livres 19 sous to Basan); Jan Jansz Gildemeester (Amsterdam), his sale, Amsterdam, September 26, 1814(not in U.S.A. according to Lugt, Rép. 8587; see Exhibition Antwerp: "Omslag N, nr. 1"), florins 700 to Christian Josi; Christian Josi (Dutch, Utrecht 1768–1828 Ramsgate); Heneage Finch, 5th Earl of Aylesford (British, 1786–1859); Christie's, London , July 17–18, 1893, £72 to J.C. Robinson; Sir John Charles Robinson (British, 1824–1913); Christie's, London , May 12–14 May, 1902, lot 334, says both drawings "afterwards carried out in a picture now in the Madrid Gallery [sic] (£820 to Thomas Agnew & Sons); Thomas Agnew & Sons, Ltd. (London); William Hesketh, 1st Viscount Leverhulme ; Lady Lever Art Gallery (Port Sunlight, Wirral, UK); Vendor: Thomas Agnew & Sons, Ltd. (London)Vendor: Grands Augustins, Paris , 10 April - 13 May 1741, no. 828 La Coversation gravé en bois par Jegher, sold with three other drawings to Mariette for 231 livres

  • Exhibition History

    The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Masterpieces of Fifty Centuries," November 14, 1970–February 14, 1971.

    Graphische Sammlung Albertina. "Peter Paul Rubens 1577-1640," September 14, 2004–December 5, 2004.

    The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Peter Paul Rubens 1577-1640," January 14, 2005–April 3, 2005.

  • References

    T. H. Fokker "Due pitture di "genere" Fiamminghe nella Reggia di Napoli." in Bolletino d'arte. vol. 8, 1928-9, p. 205.

    Max Rooses "De Teekeningen der Vlaamsche Meesters (Rubens)." Onze Kunst. July 1903. 1903, pp. 8-9.

    Christian Josi Collection d'imitations de dessins. London, 1821.

    A. de Montaiglon, Philippe de Chennevières Abecadario de P.J. Mariette. vol. 5, Paris, 1858-1859.

    Max Rooses L'Oeuvre de P. P. Rubens. vols. I-V, Antwerp, 1890, vol V, p.137, no. 1322 (called La Sociéte Élégante où Le Jardin d'Amour, valued at 231 livres with three other drawings in Crozat sale)., fig. no. 269, pp. 69, 70, ill.

    Max Rooses Rubens. 1, London, 1904, vol II p. 589, 624 (calls it an absolute masterpiece, one of nine drawings for woodcuts by Jeghers), p. 335.

    Edward Dillon Rubens. London, 1909, p. 165.

    Max Rooses "Oeuvre de Rubens, Addenda et corrigenda" in Bulletin Rubens. vol. 5, 1910, p. 199.

    R. R. Tatlock, Roger Eliot Fry A record of the collections in the Lady Lever Art Gallery . . .formed by the first Viscount Leverhulme. vol. 1, London, 1928, cat. no. 257, 258, fig. no. 110, p. 153, ill.

    Gustav Glück Rubens, Van Dyck und ihr Kreis. Vienna, 1933, pp. 115-117.

    Jacob Burckhardt Rubens. 1938, p. 164.

    Hans Gerhard Evers Peter Paul Rubens. 1942, p. 340.

    Christopher Norris "Rubens in retrospect." in Burlington Magazine. vol. 93, January 1951, pp. 8-9.

    Otto Benesch "Beiträge zum Werk des Rubens." in Alte und Neue Kunst (Wiener Kunstwissenschaftlicher Blatter). vol. 3, 1954, pp. 15-16.

    Julius S. Held Rubens: Selected Drawings. London, 1959, fig. no. 162, 163, pp. 37-38, 81, 1, ill.

    Horst Gerson, Englebert Henrick ter Kuile Art and architecture in Belgium 1600-1800 (The Pelican history of art). Baltimore, 1960, note 67, pp. 84-85, 185.

    Jacob Bean "The Drawings Collection." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, vol. 20, New York, 1962, pp. 166-167, ill.

    Wolfgang Burchard The Garden of Love by Rubens in Burlington Magazine. October 1963, p. 428.

    Ludwig Burchard, R.-A. d'Hulst Rubens Drawings. Brussels, 1963, fig. no. pl. 180, pp. 278-281, ill.

    Jacob Bean 100 European Drawings in the Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York Graphic Society, New York, 1964, cat. no. 81, ill.

    Rüdiger Klessmann Ruben's Saint Cecilia in the Berlin Gallery after cleaning in Burlington Magazine. vol. 107, November. 1965, fig. no. 11, p. 553, ill.

    Mary L. Myers "Rubens and the woodcuts of Christoffel Jegher." in The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, vol. 25, no. 1, Summer 1966, fig. no. 21, 22, p. 17, ill.

    J. M. Hofstede "Zwei Hirtenidyllen des Späten Rubens" in Pantheon. January 1966, fig. no. 1, pp. 31-42, ill.

    Ellis Kirham Waterhouse The James A. de Rothschild Collection at Waddesdon Manor. Paintings, 1967, p. 200.

    "Aus der Arbeit der Museen (France)." in Pantheon. vol. 25, no. 4, July-August 1967, p. 299.

    Konrad Renger "Planänderungen in Rubensstichen." Zeitschrift für Kunstgeschichte. Heft 1, 1974, footnote 72, pp. 26, 30.

    Konrad Renger "Rubens Dedit Dedicavitque, Rubens Beschäftigung mit der Reproduktionsgrafik." Jahrbuch der Berliner Museen. 1974, vol. XVII, fig. no. 12a, p. 181, ill.

    Annegret Glang-Süberkrüb P.P. Rubens, Der Liebesgarten. Kieler Kunsthistorische Studien, Band 6, Frankfurt, 1975, pp. 49-53.

    Marijn Schapelhouman Oude tekeningen in het bezit van de Gemeentemusea van Amsterdam waaronder de collectie Fodor: Tekeningen van Noord - en Zuidnederlandse kunstenaars geboren voor 1600. vol. II, Amsterdam, 1979, cat. no. 64, 67.

    Otto von Simson "Rubens: das Liebesfest." in Ex. cat.: Bilder vom irdischen Glück, Berlin. Berlin, 1983, fig. no. 9, 10, pp. 16-17, ill.

    Thomas W. Gaehtgens, Karl-Ulrich Majer Bilder vom irdischen Glück : Giorgione, Tizian, Rubens, Watteau, Fragonard. Ex. cat., Weissen Saal des Charlottenburger Schlosses zu Berlin, October 2 - November 13. Schloss Charlottenburg, Berlin, 1983, fig. no. pp. 16, 17, pp. 17, 19, ill.

    Henri Hymans "Le musée du Prado . . . Rubens et le XVII siècle." in Gazette des Beaux-Arts. vol. 37, no. 11, 1984, p. 84.

    Julius S. Held Rubens Selected Drawings. 2nd edition (revised). Oxford, 1986, cat. no. 210, 211, fig. no. 203, 204, pp. 150-151, ill.

    Christopher White Peter Paul Rubens: Man and Artist. New Haven/London, 1987, pp. 270-271.

    Françoise Viatte, Varena Forcione Leonard de Vinci. Dessins et manuscrits. Exh. cat.: Paris, Musée du Louvre, May 5 - July 14. Musée du Louvre, Paris, 2003, p. 299.

    Anne Marie Logan, Michiel C. Plomp, Dr. Klaus Albrecht Schröder, Heinz Widauer Peter Paul Rubens. Ex. cat., Albertina, Vienna, Sept. 15 - Dec. 5, 2004 (also see New York, 2005). Dr. Klaus Albrecht Schröder, Heinz Widauer, Graphische Sammlung Albertina, Vienna, 2004, pp. 44, 97, 99, 105, 107, 112, cat. no. 115, pp. 438-443, ill.

    Anne Marie Logan, Michiel C. Plomp Peter Paul Rubens: The Drawings. Ex. cat.: January 15 - April 3, 2005; also Albertina, Vienna, 2004. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 2005, pp. 15, 45, 47, 51, 53, 55, 266; detail, 263; infrared reflectogram of detail, 264, cat. no. 93, pp. 260-265, ill.



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