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Descrizione del Sacro Monte della Vernia (Description of the Sacred Mount Alverno)

Domenico Falcini (Italian, 1575?–1628, (active Siena))

Artist:
Raffaello Schiaminossi (Italian, 1572–1622)
Artist:
After Jacopo Ligozzi (Italian, Verona 1547–1627 Florence)
Author:
Fra Lino Moroni (Italian, active early 17th century)
Date:
1612
Medium:
Engraving
Dimensions:
18 1/2 × 12 13/16 × 13/16 in. (47 × 32.5 × 2 cm)
Classification:
Prints
Credit Line:
The Elisha Whittelsey Collection, The Elisha Whittelsey Fund, 1949
Accession Number:
49.62.11
  • Description

    This book is a descriptive guide by Fra Lino Moroni to Monte della Vernia (today known as La Verna) in the Tuscan Appenines, published in Florence in 1612. Monte della Vernia was the retreat of Saint Francis of Assisi where in 1224 he stayed for forty days meditating and fasting. It was at Monte della Vernia where he had the vision of an angel carrying the crucified Christ, which led to his experiencing the stigmata. Bound in vellum with the title 'Monte di Vernia' inked on this spine, the book contains 26 prints with letterpress descriptions after designs by Jacopo Ligozzi, who according to Fra Lino Moroni, visited Monte della Vernia with him in 1607. The etchings are by Raffaello Schiaminossi and the engravings are by Domenico Falcini. According to Carmen Bambach this edition is missing one or two plates (An Italian Journey: Drawings from the Tobey Collection: Corregio to Tiepolo,The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2010, cat.no.32).
    The plates in this album include the following:
    Unnumbered folio 1: Saint Francis of Assisi three quarter length set within a cartouche surrounded by trophies of arms and heraldic devices by Domenico Falcini after Jacopo Ligozzi
    Unnumbered folio 2: Dedication from Fra Lino Moroni to Monsignor Arcivescovo di Monreale (June 1612)
    Unnumbered folio 3: Address to the reader
    Plate A: Description with a title, legend, and fold-out print of three sheets depicting Monte della Vernia from the Road of Casentino, by Schiaminossi (B.XVII.242.130; TIB.XVII.242.130)
    Plate B: Description with a title, legend, and print depicting the Well of Saint Francis, by Falcini
    Plate C: Description with a title, legend, and print depicting the Holy Mountain where Saint Francis encountered the flock of birds, by Schiaminossi (B.XVII.242.131; TIB.XVII.242.131)
    Plate D: Description with a title, legend, and fold-out print of two sheets depicting a cut-away view of the entrance, with the piazza, church, and balconies of the Monastery of Monte della Vernia as it was in 1612, by Falcini.
    Plate E: Description with a title, legend, and print depicting the facade of the minor church and of the main door to the convent, by Falcini.
    Plate F: Description with a title, legend, and print depicting the interior of the minor church, by Falcini.
    Plate G: Description with a title, legend, and print with superimposed detail of a rock (flap adhered to print) depicting the exterior of the Chapel of Saint Mary Magdalen, which was the first cell in wich Saint Francis stayed, by Falcini.
    Plate H: Description with a title, legend, and print depicting the interior of the Chapel of Saint Mary Magdalen, by Falcini, dated 1608.
    Plate I: Description with a title, legend, and print with superimposed rock detail (flap adhered to print) depicting the Boulder under which Saint Francis recited the seven psalms and had a revelation, by Falcini.
    Plate K: Description with a title, legend, and print depicting a plan of the apartments of Chapel of the Sacred Stigmata, by Falcini.
    Plate L: Description with a title, legend, and print the Chapel of the Cross, the second cell in wich Saint Francis lived, by Falcini.
    Plate M: Description with a title, legend, and print depicting the Chapel of the Sacred Stigmata, erected near the spot where Saint Francis received the Stigmata, by Falcini.
    Plate N: Description with a title, legend, and print depicting the Chapel of Saint Sebastian, by Falcini.
    Plate O: Description with a title, legend, and print with superimposed bridge (flap adhered to print) depicting the place where a demon attempted to throw Saint Francis off of a cliff, by Schiaminossi (B.XVII.243.132 and TIB.XVII.243.132)
    Plate P: Description with a title, legend, and print depicting the beech tree where the Virgin appeared several times to the inhabitants of Monte della Vernia, by Schiaminossi (B.XVII.243.133 and TIB.XVII.243.133)
    Plate Q: Description with a title, legend, and print depicting the small chapel built on the site where the beech tree healed many, in particular the blind, by Falcini.
    Plate R: Description with a title, legend, and print with superimposed rock depicting the place known as the Bed of Saint Francis, by Falcini.
    Plate S: Description with a title, legend, and print depicting the Chapel of the Beech, where Christ appeared several times, by Falcini.
    Plate T: Description with a title, legend, and print depicting the Chapel that housed the Blessed John of La Verna, by Falcini.
    Plate: V: Description with a title, legend, and print depicting the famous rock where Brigand molested the inhabitants, until converted to Christianity by Saint Francis, by Schiaminossi (B.XVII.244.134 and TIB.XVII.244.134)
    Plate X: Description with a title, legend, and print depicting the ancient public square of Monte della Vernia, by Schiaminossi (B.XVII.244.135 and TIB.XVII.244.135)
    Plate Y: Description with a title, legend, and print with superimposed rock detail (flap adhered to print) depicting the place where Saint Francis received the stigmata at the Holy Mountain, by Schiaminossi (B.XVII.244.136 and TIB.XVII.244.135).

  • Provenance

    Vendor: Leo S. Olschki

  • Exhibition History

    The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Drawings and Prints: Selections from the Permanent Collection".

  • Catalogue Raisonné

    Graesse IV.611; Brunet VII.1914; LeBlanc II.214.5-27; B.XVII.242.130-136 (Schiaminossi); TIB.XVII.242.130-136 (Schiaminossi); Michael Bury, The Print in Italy: 1550-1620, cat. no. 41 (The British Museum Press: 2001)

  • References

    Linda Wolk-Simon, Carmen C. Bambach An Italian Journey. Drawings from the Tobey Collection: Correggio to Tiepolo Ex. cat., The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York (May 12 - August 15, 2010). New York, 2010, (entry by C.C. Bambach), cat. no. under no. 32, fig. no. 32.1, 114, ill.



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