Quantcast

Christ Crucified between the Two Thieves: The Three Crosses

Rembrandt (Rembrandt van Rijn) (Dutch, Leiden 1606–1669 Amsterdam)

Date:
1653
Medium:
Drypoint and engraving printed on vellum; first state of five
Dimensions:
plate: 15 x 17 1/4 in. (38.1 x 43.8 cm) sheet: 15 1/8 x 17 7/16 in. (38.4 x 44.3 cm) mount: 22 x 28 in. (55.9 x 71.1 cm)
Classification:
Prints
Credit Line:
Gift of Felix M. Warburg and his family, 1941
Accession Number:
41.1.31
  • Description

    The Three Crosses, Rembrandt's finest works in any medium, represents the culmination of his virtuosity as a printmaker. He drew on the copperplate entirely in drypoint which allowed him to fully exploit the velvety areas of burr raised by the drypoint tool as it cut into the copper. When Rembrandt created this impression, he deliberately left ink on the printing plate; it lightly veils the figures standing at the foot of the cross on the right; a thicker layer almost completely covers the bushes along the right edge. By creatively inking the copperplate, Rembrandt in a certain sense painted each impressio. Each time he printed the copperplate he created a unique work. He further varied impressions by printing them on different supports; this impression is printed on vellum, which infuses the composition with a warm light. Vellum, less absorbent than paper, holds ink on the surface, softening lines and enhancing the richness of entire effect.

  • Provenance

    Donor: Felix Moritz Warburg , and his family

  • Catalogue Raisonné

    Hind 270.ii; Bartsch 78.ii; NH(Rembrandt).II.222.274 i

  • References

    William M. Ivins Jr. "Prints by Six Masters from the Warburg and Other Collections." in The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, vol. 36, no. 2, New York, February 1941, p. 51, ill.



  • See also
    Who
    What
    Where
    When
    In the Museum
    Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History
    MetPublications
354631

Close