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Bashford Dean and the Creation of the Arms and Armor Department, 1904–1929

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Armor for Man and Horse

Kunz Lochner (German, Nuremberg, 1510–1567)

Date:
both dated 1548
Geography:
Nuremberg
Culture:
German, Nuremberg
Medium:
Etched steel, leather, copper alloy, textile
Dimensions:
Man's armor: approximate Wt., 56 lb. (25.4 kg); horse armor with saddle: Wt, 92 lb. (41.7 kg)
Classification:
Armor for Horse and Man
Credit Line:
Man's armor: Bashford Dean Memorial Collection, Gift of Mrs. Bashford Dean, 1929; mail sleeves: Bashford Dean Memorial Collection, Funds from various donors, 1929; horse armor: Rogers Fund, 1932
Accession Number:
29.151.2; 29.158.183–.184; 32.69
  • Description

    Kunz Lochner was one of the few Nuremberg armorers of the mid-sixteenth century to achieve an international reputation. His patrons included the Holy Roman Emperor, the dukes of Saxony, and the king of Poland. This man's armor bears the mark of Nuremberg; Lochner's personal mark, a rampant lion; and the date 1548. The armor was originally part of a small garniture that included exchange elements for field and tournament use. Restorations include the cuirass and the gauntlets.
    The horse armor bears only the Nuremberg mark but can be attributed to Lochner on stylistic grounds. The elaborately embossed and etched decoration of the peytral (chest defense) includes an abbreviated inscription that may be interpreted: 1548 K[rist] I[ch] T[rau] G[anz] V[nd] G[ar] H[ans] E[rnst] H[erzog] Z[u] Sachsen (1548 In Christ I trust wholly, Hans [Johann] Ernst, Duke of Saxony). Duke Johann Ernst (1521–1553) may have commissioned the horse armor for his attendance at the Diet of Augsburg, a political assembly of the German nobility called in 1548 by Charles V to deal with the crisis of the Reformation.

  • Signatures, Inscriptions, and Markings

    Inscription: Inscribed on the central plate of the peytral (horse's chest defense): 1548 K[rist] I[ch] T[rau] G[anz] V[nd] G[ar] H[ans] E[rnst] H[erzog] Z[u] Sachsen (1548 In Christ I trust wholly, Hans [Johann] Ernst, Duke of Saxony);

    In cartouche on the cantle plate, appears to be purposely effaced: possibly I M I, which may be the initials of the etcher.

    Marking: On the helmet: traces of the Nuremberg mark on the ventail;

    On the gorget: Nuremberg and Kunz Lochner marks on the front plate; also an N within a pearled border on the interior;

    On the right pauldron (shoulder defense): traces of the Nuremberg and Kunz Lochner marks on the upper lame; also an N within a pearled border on the interior;

    On the left pauldron (shoulder defense): Kunz Lochner mark on the upper lame; also an N within a pearled border on the interior;

    On the arm defenses: traces of the Nuremberg and Kunz Lochner marks on the upper lames;

    On the shaffron (horse's head defense): an N within a pearled border on the interior;

    On the crinet (horse's neck defense): the Nuremberg mark on the lower lame;

    On the peytral (horse's chest defense): the Nuremberg mark on the exterior; also an N within a pearled circle on the interior;

    On the left flanchard (horse's flank defense): an N within a pearled border on the interior;

    On the crupper (horse's rump defense): the Nuremberg mark on the upper narrow lame.

  • Provenance

    Ex coll.: man's armor: Princes of Liechtenstein; horse armor: Dukes of Saxony; Count Erbach, Odenwald, Germany.

  • See also
35739

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