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Ardhanarishvara (Composite of Shiva and Parvati)

Period:
pre-Angkor period
Date:
7th–8th century
Culture:
Cambodia
Medium:
Bronze
Dimensions:
H. 29 1/2 in. (74.9 cm)
Classification:
Sculpture
Credit Line:
Gift of Enid A. Haupt, 1993
Accession Number:
1993.387.4
  • Description

    Shiva can be depicted as half male and half female to indicate the shakta-shakti relationship of the unified whole. The male half is unmoving but is given a manifest existence through the active female presence (prakrti). Ardhanarishvara images are quite literal in their illustration of this unity; the female part (the figure's proper left side) shows Parvati's elegant hairstyle, breast, broad hip, and long skirt, while the male half has Shiva's part mustache, matted hair, broad chest, slim hip, and third eye.

  • See also
    What
    Where
    When
    In the Museum
    Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History
39198

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