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Lofty Virtue Reaching the Sky

Wu Zhen (Chinese, 1280–1354)

Period:
Yuan dynasty (1271–1368)
Date:
dated 1338
Culture:
China
Medium:
Hanging scroll; ink on silk
Dimensions:
Image: 65 5/8 x 38 1/2 in. (166.7 x 97.8 cm) Overall with mounting: 117 1/2 x 39 1/2 in. (298.5 x 100.3 cm) Overall with knobs: 117 1/2 x 43 7/8 in. (298.5 x 111.4 cm)
Classification:
Paintings
Credit Line:
Ex coll.: C. C. Wang Family, Gift of Oscar L. Tang Family, 2012
Accession Number:
2012.526.1
  • Description

    This painting shows Wu Zhen's creative adaptation of the "old tree, bamboo, and rock" genre first canonized by eleventh-century scholar-artists. The painting's large scale and use of overlapping forms and graded ink tones to create an illusion of recession, and of rich, wet ink to evoke the appearance of foliage after a drenching rain, recall the descriptive naturalism of Song-dynasty precedents. But Wu tempered this naturalistic approach with a new calligraphic assertiveness inspired by the work of Zhao Mengfu (1254–1322). Bamboo leaves have been reduced to a calligraphic formula of repeating, pattern-like clusters, and the texture strokes and foliage dots used to describe rock surfaces have become emphatic mannerisms derived from the tenth-century masters Dong Yuan and Juran.

    In his later years, Wu Zhen specialized in bamboo painting, but even here, in his earliest extant depiction of bamboo, the artist's admiration for this plant is evident, particularly in his poetic inscription:

    Tall stalks pierce the clouds.
    Perhaps you find it strange,
    Not recognizing the wings of a phoenix.
    A pure sound enters the realm of the soundless,
    Do not let Zhonglang blow his long-necked flute.

  • See also
    Who
    What
    Where
    When
    In the Museum
    Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History
39547

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