Buddhist images of the white-robed Guanyin (Avalokiteshvara, in Sanskrit), the Bodhisattva of Compassion, usually depict the deity in a landscape setting and are executed in a spare monochrome ink style. The palatial setting and rich mineral palette of this image are no doubt a function of the taste of its patron; according to one of the two seals on this painting, it was executed in the palace of a dowager empress in the Wanli era (1573–1615).Guanyin is shown being worshiped by the child prodigy Sudana. According to the Garland Sutra, when still a child Sudana sought out fifty-three spiritual masters, among whom Guanyin was especially important. The sutra's account of Sudana's spiritual quest offers the first detailed description of the deity's paradise-like dwelling on Mount Potalaka. The Guanyin cult in China reached its peak of popularity in the dowager's day. By that time, Guanyin had acquired a marked feminine appearance, giving images such as this one a maternalistic character that was not part of the traditional Sudana iconography but that made this conjunction of deities particularly popular among women.