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The Artistic Heritage of Modena: At the Origin of the Galleria Estense

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Washerwomen

François Boucher (French, Paris 1703–1770 Paris)

Date:
1768
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
95 x 93 in. (241.3 x 236.2 cm)
Classification:
Paintings
Credit Line:
Gift of Julia A. Berwind, 1953
Accession Number:
53.225.2
  • Gallery Label

    Together with Shepherd's Idyll, this painting was probably commissioned by Roslin d'Ivry for the Château d'Hénonville. At the end of his life Boucher painted numerous large decorative canvases, often culling motifs from other paintings and drawings. Several of the figures here seem to be based on Boucher's memory of earlier works.

  • Catalogue Entry

    See 53.225.1

  • Signatures, Inscriptions, and Markings

    Inscription: Signed and dated (lower right): fBoucher.1768

  • Provenance

    probably Jean Marie Roslin, Seigneur d'Ivry, château d'Hénonville, near Beauvais (until d. 1785; ?commissioned by him during the renovation of the château); probably his son, baron Jean Baptiste Marie Roslin d'Ivry, château d'Hénonville (1785–d. 1839); his son, baron L[éopold Roslin]. d'Ivry, Paris (1839–d. 1883; his estate sale, Galerie Georges Petit, Paris, May 7–9, 1884, no. 4, with no. 3 (53.225.1) for Fr 40,000 each, to Fezensac); his son-in-law, Philippe de Montesquiou-Fezensac, duc de Fezensac, Paris (from 1884); [Gimpel & Wildenstein, Paris and New York, until 1907/8; sold (with 53.225.1) for $45,000 to Berwind]; Edward J. Berwind, New York (1907/8–d. 1936); his sister, Julia A. Berwind, New York (1936–53)

  • Exhibition History

    New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "François Boucher, 1703–1770," February 17–May 4, 1986, no. 80.

    Detroit. Detroit Institute of Arts. "François Boucher, 1703–1770," May 27–August 17, 1986, no. 80.

    Paris. Galeries Nationales du Grand Palais. "François Boucher, 1703–1770," September 19, 1986–January 5, 1987, no. 80.

    New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "AngloMania: Tradition and Transgression in British Fashion," May 3–September 4, 2006, unnumbered cat. (p. 148).

  • References

    Catalogue des objets d'art et d'ameublement et des tableaux anciens dépendant de la succession de M. le baron L. d'Ivry. Galerie Georges Petit, Paris. May 7–9, 1884, pp. 5–6, no. 4, ill. (engraving by Eugène André Champollion).

    Paul Eudel. L'Hôtel Drouot et la curiosité en 1883–1884. Paris, 1885, pp. 332, 335, records that after baron d'Ivry's death the contents of his château at Hénonville were transferred by his son to his Paris hôtel, rue de la Baume, where the author "recently" saw the present picture and "Shepherd's Idyll" (53.225.1) in the anteroom; states that at the 1884 sale the two pictures were bought in by the family for Fr 80,000.

    H. Thirion. La vie privée des financiers au XVIIIe siècle. Paris, 1895, pp. 331–32.

    L. Soullié in collaboration with Charles Masson in André Michel. Catalogue raisonné de l'oeuvre peint et dessiné de François Boucher. Paris, [1906], p. 99, no. 1751.

    Georges Pannier in Pierre de Nolhac. François Boucher, premier peintre du roi, 1703–1770. Paris, 1907, p. 140.

    W. G. Menzies in Haldane Macfall. Boucher: The Man, His Times, His Art, and His Significance, 1703–1770. London, 1908, pp. 149, 153, as sold in 1844.

    "Ninety-first Annual Report of the Trustees for the Fiscal Year 1960–1961." Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 20 (October 1961), p. 35.

    "Nouvelles acquisitions dans les musées durant l'année 1961." Chronique des arts et de la curiosité, supplément à la Gazette des beaux-arts, 6th ser., no. 1117 (February 1962), p. 24, ill.

    Elizabeth E. Gardner. "Four French Paintings from the Berwind Collection." Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 20 (May 1962), pp. 265–69, ill. (overall and detail), speculates that this painting and its pendant were commissioned by Jean Marie Roslin, seigneur d'Ivry and "maître des requêtes," for his Château de Bouglainval, near Maintenon.

    Alexandre Ananoff with the collaboration of Daniel Wildenstein. François Boucher. Lausanne, 1976, vol. 1, p. 214; vol. 2, pp. 279–81, no. 655, fig. 1712, state that the two pictures formed a group with nos. 682 and 683, both dated 1769 (collection Charles Alexander, New York); believe all four were made for the duc de Richelieu, sold with his estate in 1852, and purchased as a group by baron Rothschild [however, confuse the locations for nos. 682 and 683 with those for nos. 82 and 83 (Frick Art Museum, Pittsburgh, and Chrysler Collection, Norfolk)].

    Mario Amaya and Eric M. Zafran. Treasures from The Chrysler Museum at Norfolk and Walter P. Chrysler, Jr. Exh. cat., Tennessee Fine Arts Center at Cheekwood, Nashville. Norfolk, Va., 1977, unpaginated, under no. 22, follow Ananoff and connect our pendants with the Chrysler and Frick pictures.

    Donald Posner. "Book Reviews." Art Bulletin 60 (September 1978), p. 561, observes that Ananoff confused, as pendants to this picture, his cat. nos. 82 and 83 with nos. 682 and 683.

    Regina Shoolman Slatkin. "The New Boucher Catalogue (Alexandre Ananoff)." Burlington Magazine 121 (February 1979), p. 120, follows Ananoff.

    Alexandre Ananoff with the collaboration of Daniel Wildenstein. L'opera completa di Boucher. Milan, 1980, p. 141, no. 693, colorpl. 59, mention a partial preparatory drawing for the present picture formerly in the collection of Daniel Wildenstein, now with Forsyth Wickes, and "another drawing, attributed to Boucher," in a private collection, Paris.

    Denys Sutton. François Boucher. Exh. cat., Wildenstein & Co., Inc. New York, 1980, pp. 17, 45, notes that although Posner proposes that "Village Idyll" and the "Contented Fisherman" (Charles B. Alexander collection, New York) originally formed a group with the present picture and its pendant, the measurements of these differ greatly from our pair, which is not the case with the earlier ones in Pittsburgh and Norfolk.

    Alan E. Salz. French Paintings of the Eighteenth Century. Exh. cat., Didier Aaron. New York, 1983, p. 59, suggests that a smaller Boucher "Laundresses" (no. 22, 22 3/8 x 24 5/8 in., ca. 1766–68) may be a "première pensée" for this large, more ambitious composition.

    Jefferson C. Harrison. French Paintings from The Chrysler Museum. Exh. cat., Chrysler Museum at Norfolk. Norfolk, Va., 1986, p. 24 n. 5, wonders that Ananoff associates the Chrsyler and Norfolk paintings with our pendants.

    Alastair Laing in François Boucher, 1703–1770. Exh. cat., The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 1986, pp. 163, 305–9, no. 80, ill. (color) [French ed., 1986, pp. 167, 308–12, no. 80, ill. (color)], comments on "a strong sentimentalizing process" in Boucher's late pastorales, specifically these pendants; suggests that its was the "Bonheur au Village" and "Halte à la fontaine" from the Bayerische Landesbank that once formed a decorative ensemble with the Pittsburgh and Norfolk pictures; identifies Roslin d'Ivry as the probable patron for our pendants, noting that in 1768 he was "in the midst of great aggrandizement of Hénonville"; suggests that our pictures were intended to decorate the salon at the château and believes one of them was the "very large Picture" on which Sir Joshua Reynolds saw Boucher at work when he visited him in 1768.

    Denys Sutton. "Frivolity and Reason." Apollo 125 (February 1987), p. 97, follows Ananoff.

    José-Luis de Los Llanos. Fragonard et le dessin français au XVIIIe siècle dans les collections du Petit Palais. Exh. cat., Petit Palais. Paris, 1992, p. 31, notes the similarity between the pose of the woman standing at left and the "Jeune fermière" represented by Boucher in an undated drawing in the collection of the Petit Palais, Paris.



  • Notes

    An engraving of this picture by Eugène André Champollion (1848–1901) is published in the Ivry sale catalogue.

    A smaller version of this canvas (72 x 90 cm), perhaps a copy after Boucher, appeared in the Sichel sale (Paris, March 1–5, 1886, no. 178) and in a more recent auction (Galerie Charpentier, Paris, March 20, 1959, no. 6, ill.).

  • See also
435746

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