Edward Grosvenor Paine. Inventory of the miniatures in the Fredrick collection. 1960, p. 6, no. 36, attributes it to Christian Friedrich Zincke and dates it about 1740.
Bodo Hofstetter. Letter to Katharine Baetjer. June 19, 1995, attributes it to Jean-Baptiste Massé.
Bernd Pappe. Letter to Katharine Baetjer. March 23, 1996, attributes it to J. B. Massé.
Graham Reynolds with the assistance of Katharine Baetjer. European Miniatures in The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Exh. cat., The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 1996, p. 196, no. 280, ill. p. 197, call it a work of good quality in a style similar to Peter Paul Lens (1714?–?1750), but add that it could also be by a Continental painter.