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The Artistic Heritage of Modena: Wounded Art


Portrait of a Woman

Bernardino Campi (Italian, Cremona 1522–1591 Reggio Emilia)

late 1560s
Oil on canvas
55 5/8 x 38 1/4 in. (141.3 x 97.2 cm)
Credit Line:
Gift of Edith Neuman de Végvár, in honor of her husband, Charles Neuman de Végvár, 1963
Accession Number:
  • Catalogue Entry


  • Provenance

    ?[art market, Berlin, by 1927–at least 1928]; private collection, Berlin (in 1933); [Galerie Sanct Lucas, Vienna, until 1938; exchanged with Neuman]; Baron Karl Neuman (Charles Neuman de Végvár), Vienna, later Greenwich, Conn. (1938–d. 1959; seized in Paris by the Nazis, held at Alt Aussee [1267/2] and at Munich collecting point [1468], returned to France October 30, 1946; restituted); his widow, Mrs. Charles (Edith) Neuman de Végvár, Greenwich (1959–63)

  • Exhibition History

    [New York?]. Best & Co.. November 18–29, 1963, no catalogue?

    Staten Island Community College. October 9–12, 1969, no catalogue?

    Cremona. Museo Civico, and. Santa Maria della Pietà, Vecchio Ospedale. "I Campi e la cultura artistica cremonese del Cinquecento," April 27–July 27, 1985, no. 1.15.8.

  • References

    A[dolfo]. Venturi. "La pittura del Cinquecento." Storia dell'arte italiana. 9, part 6, Milan, 1933, p. 917, fig. 565, as in a private collection, Berlin; notes a relation to the work of Campi's student Sofonisba Anguissola and to Moroni.

    [Claus Virch]. Paintings in the Collection of Charles and Edith Neuman de Végvár. [New York], [1970], p. 4.

    Burton B. Fredericksen and Federico Zeri. Census of Pre-Nineteenth-Century Italian Paintings in North American Public Collections. Cambridge, Mass., 1972, pp. 41, 531, 609.

    Robert Miller in I Campi e la cultura artistica cremonese del Cinquecento. Exh. cat., Museo Civico, Cremona Santa Maria della Pietà, Vecchio Ospedale. Milan, 1985, pp. 161–62, no. 1.15.8, ill., compares the composition to a type created by Titian.

    Federico Zeri with the assistance of Elizabeth E. Gardner. Italian Paintings: A Catalogue of the Collection of The Metropolitan Museum of Art, North Italian School. New York, 1986, p. 7, pl. 72, date it after 1556, perhaps to the late 1560s based on the costume; relate it in style to the work of Sofonisba Anguissola.

    Old Master Paintings. Sotheby's, New York. January 11, 1990, unpaginated, under no. 32.

    Angela Ghirardi. "Per Bernardino Campi ritrattista." Quaderni di Palazzo Te, n.s., 1 (1994), pp. 79–80, fig. 3, calls it one of three portraits securely attributed to Campi.

    Nicholas Penny. "Paintings from Bergamo, Brescia and Cremona." The Sixteenth Century Italian Paintings. 1, London, 2004, p. 32.

  • Notes

    This picture has been flattened by lining. The surface, with the exception of the embroidered areas and the scarf, is also disfigured by abrasion; this is particularly noticeable in the light areas, the flesh, and the bodice. [from Ref. Zeri and Gardner 1986]

  • See also
    In the Museum