Bernhard Berenson. The Central Italian Painters of the Renaissance. reprinted 1903. New York, 1897, p. 154, as "Queen Camilla," by Matteo di Giovanni, in the collection of Mr. C. Butler, London.
Bernhard Berenson. The Central Italian Painters of the Renaissance. 2nd ed., rev. and enl. New York, 1909, p. 195, as "Camilla," by Matteo di Giovanni, in the collection of Mr. Charles Butler, London.
G. F. Hartlaub. Matteo da Siena und seine Zeit. Strasbourg, 1910, p. 140.
B[ryson]. B[urroughs]. "Matteo di Giovanni." Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 6 (October 1911), p. 194, attributes it to Matteo di Giovanni; rejects the story of Camilla as the subject, without suggesting an alternative.
Frank Jewett Mather. Letter. December 15, 1911, suggests that it is much more likely to represent the story of Cloelia than that of Camilla, and identifies the Castel Sant'Angelo in the background.
Bernard Berenson. "Italian Paintings." Catalogue of a Collection of Paintings and some Art Objects. 1, Philadelphia, 1913, p. 60, attributes it in part to Cozzarelli and calls it "Camilla Swimming the Tiber".
Frank Jewett Mather Jr. "Three Cassone Panels by Matteo da Siena." Art in America 1 (January 1913), p. 24 n. 4, p. 29, assigns it to Matteo's workshop and calls it "Camilla Swimming the Tiber with Her Companions".
J[oseph]. A[rcher]. Crowe and G[iovanni]. B[attista]. Cavalcaselle. "Umbrian and Sienese Masters of the Fifteenth Century." A History of Painting in Italy: Umbria, Florence and Siena from the Second to the Sixteenth Century. 5, London, 1914, pp. 184–85 n. 2, Borenius lists it as a work by Matteo and calls it a scene from the story of Camilla.
Paul Schubring. Cassoni: Truhen und Truhenbilder der italienischen Frührenaissance. Leipzig, 1915, text vol., pp. 24, 136, 331–32, attributes the three paintings from the Butler collection, including this work, to Matteo, calling them scenes from the story of Camilla, and confusing ours with the one which belonged to Mr. Woodward.
Bernard Berenson. Essays in the Study of Sienese Painting. New York, 1918, pp. 91–92, fig. 57, attributes it to Cozzarelli, calling it "Roman heroines swimming the Tiber," and notes that the Castel Sant'Angelo is represented in the background.
Paul Schubring. "Cassone Pictures in America: Part Two." Art in America 11 (October 1923), p. 315, mentions the Johnson picture and ours, which he may still be confusing with the Woodward panel [see Ref. 1915], as scenes from the legend of Camilla by Matteo.
[F. Mason] Perkins in Allgemeines Lexikon der bildenden Künstler. 24, Leipzig, 1930, p. 256, considers it executed in great part by Matteo's assistants, and calls it the story of Camilla.
Bernhard Berenson. Italian Pictures of the Renaissance. Oxford, 1932, p. 158, as by Cozzarelli; calls it the legend of a Roman heroine, possibly Cloelia.
Marialuisa Gengaro. "Matteo di Giovanni." La Diana 9, nos. 3–4 (1934), pp. 172, 181, lists it with paintings she dates between about 1480 and 1490, and calls it the story of Camilla; lists it again among paintings variously attributed to Matteo di Giovanni, calling it Roman heroines.
Bernhard Berenson. Pitture italiane del rinascimento. Milan, 1936, p. 136.
Raimond van Marle. The Development of the Italian Schools of Painting. 16, The Hague, 1937, p. 387, fig. 222, attributes it to Cozzarelli.
Harry B. Wehle. The Metropolitan Museum of Art: A Catalogue of Italian, Spanish, and Byzantine Paintings. New York, 1940, p. 95–96, ill., as "The Legend of Cloelia," by Cozzarelli.
Barbara Sweeny. John G. Johnson Collection: Catalogue of Italian Paintings. Philadelphia, 1966, p. 25, under no. 111, mentions it as a work related to the panel in the Johnson collection.
Bernard Berenson. Italian Pictures of the Renaissance: Central Italian and North Italian Schools. London, 1968, vol. 1, p. 99, calls it "Cloelia Swimming the Tiber," and identifies it as the companion of three other panels: "Lucretia Stabbing Herself" (formerly Trotti collection, Paris), "Battle of Camilla and Aeneas" (John G. Johnson Collection, Philadelphia Museum of Art), and "Camilla Engaged in Battle" (formerly Woodward collection, London); attributes all four works to Cozzarelli.
Burton B. Fredericksen and Federico Zeri. Census of Pre-Nineteenth-Century Italian Paintings in North American Public Collections. Cambridge, Mass., 1972, pp. 58, 480, 606, as "Legend of Camilla?" by Cozzarelli.
Denys Sutton. "Robert Langton Douglas, Part III, XIV: Agent for the Metropolitan Museum." Apollo 109 (June 1979), p. 421, fig. 18.
John Pope-Hennessy and Keith Christiansen. "Secular Painting in 15th-Century Tuscany: Birth Trays, Cassone Panels, and Portraits." Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 38 (Summer 1980), pp. 4, 17, 46–48, ill. p. 5 (detail), figs. 40, 41 (color, overall and detail), interpret the scene at left as Cloelia and the other Roman maidens presented as hostages to Porsena (rather than as Publicola returning them to Porsena after the escape); suggest that the circular building at right may be intended to represent the Coliseum; believe that the MMA panel probably formed part of a decorative scheme depicting classical heroines, along with the two other panels formerly in the Butler collection [see Notes] and several additional works.
Federico Zeri with the assistance of Elizabeth E. Gardner. Italian Paintings: A Catalogue of the Collection of The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Sienese and Central Italian Schools. New York, 1980, pp. 9–10, pl. 71, observe that the influence of Matteo di Giovanni seen in this picture suggests that it was painted early in Cozzarelli's career; note that the two other panels, also from the Butler collection, that have in the past been associated with this picture depict the story of Camilla and are by an artist in Matteo di Giovanni's circle but differ in style from the MMA work.
Laurence B. Kanter in Painting in Renaissance Siena: 1420–1500. Exh. cat., The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 1988, pp. 282–83, no. 51, ill., dates it probably about 1480, and proposes that the banners at the left might identify it as part of a commission from the Sberghieri family of Siena.
Graham Hughes. Renaissance Cassoni, Masterpieces of Early Italian Art: Painted Marriage Chests 1400–1550. Alfriston, England, 1997, pp. 177, 232.
Marilena Caciorgna and Roberto Guerrini in Siena & Roma: Raffaello, Caravaggio e i protagonisti di un legame antico. Exh. cat., Santa Maria della Scala. Siena, 2005, pp. 163, 192, 195–96, no. 2.16, ill. pp. 196–97 (color), and fig. 10 (color detail).