Nicolas Mikhaïlowitch. Portraits russes des XVIIIe et XIXe siècles. 2, St. Petersburg, 1906, no. 32, ill., identifies the sitter, the daughter of Prince Nicolas Mikhaïlowitch Golitzyne and the wife of Prince Serge Serguéewitch Gagarine; as in the collection of prince V. Gagarine, Moscow.
Louis Réau. "Greuze et la Russie." L'art et les artistes 1 (1920), pp. 285–86, ill.
Anita Brookner. "Jean-Baptiste Greuze–II." Burlington Magazine 98 (June 1956), p. 196, states that a portrait of Princess Gagarine is among the only superior productions by Greuze of the 1780s.
Anita Brookner. Greuze: The Rise and Fall of an Eighteenth-century Phenomenon. Greenwich, Conn., 1972, pp. 80, 126–27, dates it about 1786 on grounds of costume.
Edgar Munhall. Jean-Baptiste Greuze, 1725–1805. Exh. cat.Hartford, 1976, p. 152, compares it to "Woman with a Spaniel, Presumed Portrait of Madame de Porcin" (Musée d'Angers).
James Thompson. "Jean-Baptiste Greuze." Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 47 (Winter 1989/90), pp. 41–42, 44, 47, ill. (color), suggests it was a wedding portrait painted when the sitter was about twenty years old, or about 1780.