F. Mason Perkins. "Alcuni dipinti senesi sconosciuti o inediti." Rassegna d'arte 13 (August 1913), p. 124, ill. p. 125, as in the collection of George Blumenthal, New York; attributes it to Neroccio and dates it to his middle period.
J[oseph]. A[rcher]. Crowe and G[iovanni]. B[attista]. Cavalcaselle. "Umbrian and Sienese Masters of the Fifteenth Century." A History of Painting in Italy: Umbria, Florence and Siena from the Second to the Sixteenth Century. 5, London, 1914, p. 159 n. 6, Borenius lists it as by Neroccio.
Stella Rubinstein-Bloch. "Paintings—Early Schools." Catalogue of the Collection of George and Florence Blumenthal. 1, Paris, 1926, unpaginated, pl. XXXII.
Bernhard Berenson. Italian Pictures of the Renaissance. Oxford, 1932, p. 390, lists it as in great part by Neroccio.
George Harold Edgell. A History of Sienese Painting. New York, 1932, p. 250, fig. 372, attributes it to Neroccio and dates it to the end of his career, but adds that it may have been completed or altered by a later artist.
Bernhard Berenson. Pitture italiane del rinascimento. Milan, 1936, p. 335.
Raimond van Marle. The Development of the Italian Schools of Painting. 16, The Hague, 1937, pp. 314–15, attributes it to Neroccio's workshop.
John Pope-Hennessy. "Francesco di Giorgio, Neroccio: Two Madonnas and an Altarpiece." Burlington Magazine 75 (December 1939), p. 235, pl. II b, attributes it to Neroccio and dates it after 1492; sees the influence of Signorelli in the figure of Saint Michael.
Gertrude Coor. Neroccio de' Landi, 1447–1500. Princeton, 1961, pp. 71, 83 n. 286, pp. 90–91, 105, 107 n. 375, pp. 173–74, no. 31, fig. 69, attributes it to Neroccio's workshop; notes similarities to a fresco in the Palazzo Pubblico, Siena, and suggests that both works may be by Mariotto da Volterra; dates it after 1492.
Bernard Berenson. Italian Pictures of the Renaissance: Central Italian and North Italian Schools. London, 1968, vol. 1, p. 292, lists it under Neroccio as in great part autograph.
Burton B. Fredericksen and Federico Zeri. Census of Pre-Nineteenth-Century Italian Paintings in North American Public Collections. Cambridge, Mass., 1972, pp. 148, 332, 379, 433, 608, as by Neroccio de' Landi.
Federico Zeri with the assistance of Elizabeth E. Gardner. Italian Paintings: A Catalogue of the Collection of The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Sienese and Central Italian Schools. New York, 1980, p. 56, pl. 67, ascribe it to Neroccio and workshop, adding that it was formerly attributed by the Museum to Neroccio; state that the figure of the Child is by Neroccio but that the other figures seem to be by an assistant; date the painting to the 1490s; compare it with Neroccio's "Madonna and Child with Saints" of 1492 in the Pinacoteca Nazionale, Siena.