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The Garden of the Tuileries on a Winter Afternoon

Camille Pissarro (French, Charlotte Amalie, Saint Thomas 1830–1903 Paris)

Date:
1899
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
28 7/8 x 36 3/8 in. (73.3 x 92.4 cm)
Classification:
Paintings
Credit Line:
Gift from the Collection of Marshall Field III, 1979
Accession Number:
1979.414
  • Gallery Label

    Pissarro rented a large apartment at 204 rue de Rivoli in Paris for the first half of 1899. From its windows facing the Jardin des Tuileries, he painted six views of the garden (including this work and two others in the Metropolitan), in which the twin steeples of the church of Sainte-Clotilde punctuate the vast expanse of sky. Attentive to changes in light, atmosphere, and climate, as well as to the comings and goings of strollers, at different times of day and seasons of the year, Pissarro was able to extract a variety of pictures from a single site.

  • Signatures, Inscriptions, and Markings

    Inscription: Signed and dated (lower right): C.Pissarro.99

  • Provenance

    [Durand-Ruel, Paris, 1899–1915; bought from the artist on May 18, 1899 for Fr 3,000; stock no. 5249; sold on November 11, 1915 for Fr 12,000 to Durand-Ruel]; [Durand-Ruel, New York, 1915–45; stock no. 3901; sold on January 18, 1945 for $9,500 to Carstairs]; [Carroll Carstairs, New York, from 1945]; Marshall Field III, New York (until d. 1956); Mrs. Marshall Field III, New York (1956–79)

  • Exhibition History

    Paris. Galerie Durand-Ruel. "Exposition C. Pissarro," January 14–February 2, 1901, no. 9 (possibly this picture) [see Snollaerts 2005].

    Munich. Glaspalast. "VIII. Internationalen Kunstausstellung," June 1–end October 1901, no. 1350a (as "Winternachmittag").

    Barcelona. Palau de Belles Artes. "V Exposición Internacional de Arte," April 27–July 1907, no. 28.

    Paris. Galerie Durand-Ruel. "Pissarro," March 1908, no. 17.

    Paris. Galerie Manzi, Joyant & Cie.. "Exposition d'art moderne," 1912, no. 63 (as "Jardin des Tuileries").

    St. Petersburg. Institut Français. "Exposition centennale de l'art français," January 28–?, 1912, no. 484 (as "Les jardin des Tuileries," lent by Durand-Ruel).

    New York. Durand-Ruel Galleries. "Paintings by Camille Pissarro," January 27–February 12, 1916, no. 17 [see Snollaerts 2005].

    Boston. Brooks Reed Gallery. December 1916–January 1917, no catalogue? [see Snollaerts 2005].

    New York. Durand-Ruel Galleries. "Paintings by Pissarro," February 3–17, 1917, no. 7 [see Snollaerts 2005].

    New York. Durand-Ruel Galleries. "Exhibition of Paintings by Camille Pissarro and Alfred Sisley," February 18–March 1925, no. 4 (as "Jardin des Tuileries").

    Philadelphia. Palace of Fine Arts. "Sesqui-centennial International Exposition," June 1–December 1, 1926, no. 1526 [see Austin and Hauser 1929].

    Bethlehem, Pa. Lehigh University Art Galleries. April–May 1928, no catalogue? [see Snollaerts 2005].

    New York. Durand-Ruel. "Paintings of London–Paris," October 29–November 16, 1940, no. 2 (as "Jardin des Tuileries, après midi").

    New York. Carroll Carstairs Gallery. "Six Impressionists," April 16–May 5, 1945, no. 1.

    New York. Wildenstein. "Camille Pissarro: His Place in Art," October 24–November 24, 1945, no. 38 (as "Jardins des Tuileries, Automne," lent by Carroll Carstairs Gallery).

    New York. Wildenstein & Co., Inc.. "Modern French Painting," April 11–25, 1962, no. 50 (erroneously as "Champs de Mars aux Tuileries, 1902," lent by the collection of the late Marshall Field III, New York).

    Waltham, Mass. Rose Art Museum. "Modern French Painting," May 10–June 13, 1962, no. 50.

    New York. Wildenstein & Co., Inc.. "C. Pissarro," March 25–May 1, 1965, no. 75 (as "Le jardin des Tuileries," lent by Mrs. Marshall Field).

    New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "New York Collects," July 3–September 2, 1968, no. 155 (lent by Mrs. Marshall Field).

    Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. "Pleasures of Paris: Daumier to Picasso," June 5–September 1, 1991, no. 44.

    New York. IBM Gallery of Science and Art. "Pleasures of Paris: Daumier to Picasso," October 15–December 28, 1991, no. 44.

    Dallas Museum of Art. "The Impressionist and the City: Pissarro's Series Paintings," November 15, 1992–January 31, 1993, no. 76 (as "The Tuileries Gardens: Winter Afternoon").

    Philadelphia Museum of Art. "The Impressionist and the City: Pissarro's Series Paintings," March 7–June 6, 1993, no. 76.

    Brooklyn Museum of Art. "Impressionists in Winter: Effets de neige," May 27–August 29, 1999, not in catalogue.

    Museum of Fine Arts, Houston. "The Masterpieces of French Painting from The Metropolitan Museum of Art: 1800–1920," February 4–May 6, 2007, no. 53.

    Berlin. Neue Nationalgalerie. "Französische Meisterwerke des 19.Jahrhunderts aus dem Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York," June 1–October 7, 2007, unnumbered cat.

  • References

    Camille Pissarro. Letter to Lucien Pissarro. December 4, 1898 [published and translated in John Rewald, ed., "Camille Pissarro, Letters to His Son Lucien," London, 1980, p. 333], mentions that he has rented an apartment at 204 rue de Rivoli, facing the Tuileries, and plans to paint a series based on the view [PV1097–1110, 1123–1136].

    Camille Pissarro. Letter to Lucien Pissarro. May 25, 1899 [published and translated in John Rewald, ed., "Camille Pissarro Letters to His Son Lucien," London, 1980, p. 336], writes that he has sent eleven of the Tuileries canvases to Durand-Ruel, including this painting [see Ref. Lloyd and Distel 1980].

    Camille Pissarro. Letter to Durand-Ruel. May 17, 1899 [published in Ref. Bailly–Herzberg 1991, p. 26], lists eleven paintings sent to Durand-Ruel, including this one as no. 1, for Fr 3,000 [see Ref. Snollaerts 2005].

    Arsène Alexandre. "Exposition d'art moderne à l'Hôtel de la revue 'Les arts'." Les arts no. 128 (August 1912), p. 9, ill.

    René Jean. L'Art français a Saint-Pétersbourg: Exposition centennale. Exh. cat.Paris, 1912, p. 85.

    Ludovic Rodo Pissarro and Lionello Venturi. Camille Pissarro, son art—son œuvre. reprint ed. 1989. Paris, 1939, vol. 1, p. 233, no. 1097; vol. 2, pl. 219, no. 1097.

    Modern French Painting. Exh. cat., Wildenstein & Co., Inc. New York, 1962, unpaginated, no. 50, ill., erroneously list it as "Champs de Mars aux Tuileries" and date it 1902.

    Christopher Lloyd and Anne Distel in Pissarro. Exh. cat., Hayward Gallery. London, 1980, p. 146, identify this as one of the eleven canvases that Pissarro mentions he sent to Durand-Ruel in a letter of May 23, 1899 to his son Lucien.

    Charles S. Moffett and Anne Wagner in The Metropolitan Museum of Art: Notable Acquisitions, 1979–1980. New York, 1980, pp. 45–46, ill., remark that this reflects Pissarro's continuing interest in studying changes in light and weather, here at a particular moment and place in Paris.

    Anne Schirrmeister. Camille Pissarro. New York, 1982, p. 17, colorpl. 15.

    Christopher Lloyd in Retrospective Camille Pissarro. Exh. cat., Isetan Museum of Art. [Tokyo], 1984, p. 139, under no. 62, identifies it as part of a series of views of the Jardin des Tuileries seen from an apartment at 204 rue de Rivoli, painted between December 1898 and April 1899 (PV1097–1110); identifies the buildings visible throughout the series.

    Charles S. Moffett. Impressionist and Post-Impressionist Paintings in The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 1985, pp. 102–3, ill. (color).

    Janine Bailly-Herzberg. Correspondance de Camille Pissarro, 1899–1903. 5, Saint-Ouen-l'Aumône, 1991, p. 26.

    Richard R. Brettell and Joachim Pissarro. The Impressionist and the City: Pissarro's Series Paintings. Exh. cat., Dallas Museum of Art. New Haven, 1992, pp. 102, 107, 213, no. 76, ill. (overall and detail).

    Albert Kostenevich. Hidden Treasures Revealed: Impressionist Masterpieces and Other Important French Paintings Preserved by the State Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg. Exh. cat.New York, 1995, pp. 165–66, ill.

    Alexia de Buffévent in Joachim Pissarro and Claire Durand-Ruel Snollaerts. Pissarro: Critical Catalogue of Paintings. Milan, 2005, vol. 1, pp. 286–88, 299, 302.

    Claire Durand-Ruel Snollaerts in Joachim Pissarro and Claire Durand-Ruel Snollaerts. Pissarro: Critical Catalogue of Paintings. Milan, 2005, vol. 1, pp. 45, 59 n. 313, pp. 365, 367, 369–71, 373–75, 383–84, 394, 396, 398, 414–15; vol. 3, pp. 782–84, 811, 955, 959, no. 1257, ill. (color).

    Susan Alyson Stein in Masterpieces of European Painting, 1800–1920, in The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 2007, pp. 91, 292–93, no. 85, ill. (color and black and white).

    Susan Alyson Stein in The Masterpieces of French Painting from The Metropolitan Museum of Art: 1800–1920. Exh. cat., Museum of Fine Arts, Houston. New York, 2007, pp. 77, 247–48, no. 53, ill. (color and black and white).



  • Notes

    This painting belongs to the first series of works of the Tuileries Gardens that Pissarro painted in 1898–99 from the apartment he rented for this purpose at 204, rue de Rivoli in Paris. The Museum owns two other paintings from this series, "The Garden of the Tuileries on a Winter Afternoon" (MMA 66.36) and "The Garden of the Tuileries on a Spring Morning" (MMA 1992.103.3).

  • See also
437312

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