William Cotton. A Catalogue of the Portraits Painted by Sir Joshua Reynolds, Knt., P.R.A. London, 1857, p. 55, lists "Neate, Thomas, of Binfield, Berks, and his Sister," two children with their tutor in the collection of Rev. A. Neate.
Algernon Graves and William Vine Cronin. A History of the Works of Sir Joshua Reynolds P.R.A. 2, London, 1899, p. 688, suppose it to be the picture of the Neete [sic] family by Reynolds which was offered to the National Portrait Gallery, London, in January 1870 by Miss Mary Neete of Bampton, Farringdon.
"Two Early Works of Sir Joshua Reynolds." Walpole Society 6 (1917–18), pp. 105, 107–10, pl. XLIII, records the signature and date, the label, and details of the family history, observing that Thomas Neate died at eighty-four in 1825; suggests that this is Reynolds's first large-scale, multi-figure composition.
Ellis K. Waterhouse. Reynolds. London, 1941, pp. 37, 119 n. 10, pl. 10.
Ellis K. Waterhouse. "Sir Joshua Reynolds' Sitter-book of 1755." Walpole Society 41 (1966–68), p. 166, associates the portrait with two others by Reynolds: that of "Samuel Vandewall," painted about 1744/46, who married in 1744 the widow of Harris Neate, and that of "Miss (?) Vandewall (or Neate?)," who was "born to Mr Vanderwall after his marriage with Mrs Neate".
David Mannings. "The Sources and Development of Reynolds's Pre-Italian Style." Burlington Magazine 117 (April 1975), p. 222, as whereabouts unknown; notes that Thomas Neate is wearing fancy dress that from a photograph appears to be "a sort of Flemish costume".
David Mannings in The Dictionary of Art. 26, New York, 1996, p. 271, lists it as an example of Reynolds's early work where "compositions and poses were adapted rather awkwardly from the works of Anthony van Dyck".
David Mannings and Martin Postle. Sir Joshua Reynolds: A Complete Catalogue of His Paintings (The Subject Pictures catalogued by Martin Postle). New Haven, 2000, vol. 1, p. 350, no. 1332; vol. 2, colorpl. 4, fig. 47.
Katharine Baetjer. British Paintings in The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1575–1875. New York, 2009, pp. 60–62, no. 26, ill. (color).